Colonel Mengistu  Haile Mariam
Ethiopia

Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam

1st President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Date of Birth: 1937
Place of Birth: Walayitta, Ethiopia

Career: Graduated from the Oletta Academy, 1966; Sent for advanced military training in America, 1966-71; instrumental, though in a minor position, in the coup against Haile Selassie, 1974; took control of the Derg, 1977; Chairman of the Derg and Head of State of Ethiopia, 1977-1987; President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 1987-1991; regime overthrown by TPLF forces in 1991; has lived in lavish exile in Zimbabwe since fleeing Ethiopia in 1991; found guilty in absentia of genocide in 2006 and sentenced to life imprisonment, 2007, this sentence was changed to the death penalty after an appeal, 2008


Displaying 1-10 out of 13 results.

Vol 54 N0 13

SOUTH SUDAN

Unhappy anniversary

Since the SPLM dropped its Marxist rhetoric after the 1991 overthrow of its patron, Ethiopian strongman Mengistu Haile Mariam, there is little talk of ideology...

Vol 53 N0 17

ETHIOPIA

The man in charge, for now

He is not a veteran of the armed struggle but entered politics after the fall of Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam’s Derg in 1991; as Vice-President of the SNNPR in 2000-2002, and President in 2002-2005, he showed considerable toughness in keeping the ethnic political balance in a region of 56 ethnic groups...

Vol 52 N0 25

ETHIOPIA

Critics still not welcome

Addis Ababa's ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front may not wish to remind the public that in the long struggle against Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam, Meles's Tigray People's Liberation Front and Issayas Afeworki's Eritrean People's Liberation Front depended on enthusiastic foreign journalists to spread the word and help to attract the military and financial support abroad which in turn helped the fronts to overthrow the Derg in 1991...

Vol 52 N0 4

SUDAN

Militia massacres

In 1991, the SPLA was expelled from Ethiopia after the overthrow of President Mengistu Haile Mariam...

Vol 51 N0 1

ETHIOPIA

Dry times for a quick election

Excoriated by Western liberals (but admired by ‘realist’ diplomats), Meles neither excites nor appals many Ethiopians; nor is he seen as especially authoritarian compared to his predecessors, Derg leader Mengistu Haile Mariam and Emperor Haile Selassie...

Vol 50 N0 10

ETHIOPIA

A change is going to come

'The generation that moved the mountains', as the war veterans that defeated Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam's regime are known, may be growing tired...

Vol 45 N0 6

ETHIOPIA

Murder in Gambella

In 1991, when the EPRDF overthrew Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam's brutal regime in Addis Ababa, an allied Anyuak party, the Gambella People's Liberation Movement (later GPL Party) took over in Gambella...

Vol 45 N0 2

ETHIOPIA

Compassion fatigue

Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam's dictatorship liked forced resettlement programmes; Meles wants to resettle 2...

Vol 42 N0 23

RWANDA | UGANDA

Brothers at war

Their leaders, from the same ethnic background, had fought together against Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam's dictatorship and had been hailed by the United States and others as a 'new breed' of African leaders...

Vol 39 N0 18

ERITREA | ETHIOPIA

On the border

These arcane differences were never resolved nor was the passion behind them deflated, though their public airing ceased when the two reforged their military alliance in 1987, to achieve the overthrow of Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991...

Displaying 1-10 out of 13 results.