Nong Duc Manh
Former General Secretary, Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV)
Date of Birth: 11\09\1940
Education: Leningrad Forestry Institute, Soviet Union, 1966; Nguyen Ai
Quoc Party School.
Career: Joined the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Political Bureau, 1992; elected
Chairman of the National Assembly; CPV General Secretary, 2001-11.
Commentary: Vietnam's revolutionary days are long since over
and former CPV General Secretary Nong
lead an outward-looking country committed to multilateral diplomacy,
which took steps to mend relationships (and borders)
with China, Laos and Cambodia. Now Vietnam is
seeking to develop trade relations with Africa, reaching out to Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, Morocco and Central African
Nong Duc Manh was the most powerful member of the leading troika with
President Nguyen Minh Triet and Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.
Said to be more liberal than his predecessor Le Kha Phieu, Manh
had overseen a continuation of the doi moi (renovation) reforms
that began in 1986 under General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh.
The gradual dismantling of the command economy led to impressive
long-term growth, but Manh still headed an authoritarian regime, which
harshly suppressed dissent. Reporters Without Borders dubbed him a
'predator' for his treatment of critical journalists.