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Vol 45 No 7

Published 2nd April 2004


Rwanda

Starting again

Military might and economic rigour have sustained Kigali's recovery

Ten years after Rwanda's genocide, its economic growth is fast but much faster for some sectors and for some people than for others. The government depends heavily on foreign aid. Almost half the budget for 2004 will be covered by donations (one-third from Britain, one-sixth from the European Union); more by loans, mainly from the World Bank and African Development Bank. Recovery is on the way, from the bloody year of 1994 when gross national product fell by 57 per cent, and the premises and the coffers of banks and government offices were gutted by the regime which organised the massacres (AC Vol 45 No 6). Fleeing into Congo-Kinshasa, that regime took with it the functions (and even the vehicles) of the state, leaving the victorious Tutsi army an administrative void.

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