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Chaos in the Kivus has given Kigali a pretext to send its soldiers back across the border in pursuit of political and economic objectives

The Rwandan Defence Force is back in Congo-Kinshasa but trying to keep a low profile. Presidents Joseph Kabila and Paul Kagame agreed on the move at a 6 September meeting during Kagame’s inauguration in Kigali. The discretion is intended to avoid reviving anti-Rwandan sentiments, which are still alive 18 months after Operation Umoja Wetu (‘Our Victory’, AC Vol 51 No 2). The operation was jointly conducted by the Congolese army and the RDF against the Hutu rebels of the Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda (FDLR). Evidence of RDF movements includes numerous empty ration packs, discarded as the troops entered Congo on foot. Witnesses spotted the boxes several weeks ago close to Rugari, the place where Congo-K, Rwanda and Uganda converge.

(This article contains approximately 641 words)

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Joseph Kabila, Paul Kagame, Laurent Nkunda, Indian, Maimai and mutinies, Jean-Bosco Ntaganda, Séraphin Mirindi, Jacques Kavumbi Malu, Ngabo Gadi, Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, Patrick Karegeya, South Africa, Umoja Wetu, Forces démocratiques pour la libération du Rwanda, Mission de l’Organisation des nations unies pour la stabilisation du Congo, Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo, Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple, Voice of America, Front patriotique pour la libération du Congo, genocidaires

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