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Kinshasa urges sanctions on Kigali citing damning UN report

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

UN Security Council mulls crisis after experts say 3,000-4,000 Rwandan troops are fighting alongside M23 militia in Congo

The most damning assertion in the latest report by the UN Group of Experts (GoE) on Congo-Kinshasa, that 3,000-4,000 Rwanda Defence Force (RDF) troops had ‘de facto control’ over the M23 militia and were jointly fighting Congolese forces and their local allies, points to a clear breach of the UN Charter. These and other actions by Rwanda and Uganda which are detailed in the report could trigger sanctions by the UN Security Council.


Tigray war accord isn’t ending the fighting over Amhara border

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

The Pretoria deal stopped large-scale combat but didn’t resolve the disputes over territory and resources

The rebellions and counter-insurgency operations causing havoc in Ethiopia’s two largest regions, Amhara and Oromia, have overshadowed the aftermath of the two-year civil war...


As the civil war threatens the region, the UAE boosts Hemeti’s militia

Pic: @AbiyAhmedAli
Pic: @AbiyAhmedAli

Neighbouring states are staking out their positions after serial peace efforts have failed to rein in Sudan’s rival military factions

With over 10 million people internally displaced and a further two million forced to flee to Chad, Egypt and South Sudan, the war between Sudan’s rival miliary factions has c...


The influence brokers take a pay cut

Capitol Building, Washington DC. Pic: doganmesut / stock.adobe.com
Capitol Building, Washington DC. Pic: doganmesut / stock.adobe.com

Governments and activists in Africa are driving harder bargains with Washington DC’s lobby shops

The latest slew of lobbying contracts in Washington DC are offering cut price services for African clients. It’s not clear why. Some argue that the clients are pushing prices...


Against the odds, can the new ZiG currency tame inflation?

Pic: rbz.co.zw
Pic: rbz.co.zw

With 80% of business still priced in US dollars, many are sceptical of the latest monetary plan

Dropped into its sobering assessment of Zimbabwe’s economic prospects the IMF Article IV review team offered some qualified support for the Zimbabwe Gold (ZiG) currency on 28...


After the protestors won the tax war

Nairobi, 2 July 2024. Pic: Donwilson Odhiambo / SOPA Images via ZUMA Press / Alamy
Nairobi, 2 July 2024. Pic: Donwilson Odhiambo / SOPA Images via ZUMA Press / Alamy

Wrongfooted by national demonstrations, state security officers are suspected of sabotage and running agents provocateurs

After their protests forced President William Ruto to abandon the government’s Finance Bill and its planned US$2.4 billion tax rises, the Generation Z activists face their ow...


Gargantuan debt servicing poses threat

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

The lessons of Kenya’s crisis loom large as Luanda officials search for a way to cut repayment demands

Angola is Africa’s second-biggest oil producer but is facing what is arguably the continent’s worst debt crisis. Unlike fellow heavily indebted economies in Ghana and Z...


Political glitches hold up reforms

João Lourenço. Pic: GCIS
João Lourenço. Pic: GCIS

Fear of popular protest deters the government from cutting fuel subsidies and privatising state assets

Midway into his second term, President João Lourenço has spent more time trying to consolidate his grip on the ruling Movimento Popular de Libertação de...


The juntas dig in as instability worsens

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

Burkina’s leader Captain Traoré wants five more years in power but his army is losing badly against the jihadis

The standing of Burkina Faso’s transitional leader Captain Ibrahim Traoré, who seized power in September, has hit a new low. But public opinion is the least of his woe...


Tinubu’s government braces for Kenya-style protests

Pic: William Samoei Ruto FB
Pic: William Samoei Ruto FB

As anger grows over worsening living conditions and grand corruption, state security battens down the hatches

The mass protests in Kenya which forced William Ruto’s government to scrap US$2.4 billion of tax hikes, albeit after 20 citizens lost their lives, have prompted calls for act...


ISIS breaks out of its Puntland base

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

Fighters from ISIS or Da’ish are extending operations beyond the Puntland enclave to challenge Al Shabaab, the main Islamist militia in Somalia

The isolated Horn of Africa branch of ISIS or Da’ish, outnumbered and outgunned hitherto by Al Shabaab, the trustiest affiliate of the rival Al Qaida franchise, has been gain...


A fragile recovery

Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024
Copyright © Africa Confidential 2024

The region’s economies boast healthy growth rates but weak currencies, debt distress and unpopular taxes threaten


A landslide victory foretold, again

Pic: paulkagame.com
Pic: paulkagame.com

Two of the strongest opposition candidates have been barred from running, handing incumbent Paul Kagame another Soviet-style win