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Middle East Eye, 6 May 2024
Sudan war: Russia hedges bets by aiding both sides in conflict
By Oscar Rickett and Mohammed Amin
Details of Iranian support for the Sudanese Armed Forces have emerged in the last couple of months. According to Africa Confidential, Iran's drones, notably the Mohajer-4, Mohajer-6, and Ababil, have been operating since January from the SAF's Wadi Saydna air force base, north of Khartoum.

France 24, 2 May 2024
Darfur on the brink: How to stop a new bloodbath in western Sudan?
By Rebecca Gnignati, Alessandro Xenos and François Picard 

Africa Here and NOW, 1 May 2024
Aya Nakamura in France, dressed down for dressing up. Was Bobrisky in Nigeria jailed for cross dressing?
Podcast with Martine Dennis, Donu Kogbara and Patrick Smith

The Christian Science Monitor, 24 April 2024
West Africa's model of ballots over bullets
By the Monitor's Editorial Board
In Mali and neighboring states, militaries have seized power and turned to such patrons as China, Russia, and Iran to help them fend off growing popular discontent. "That is why Senegal is so important," said John Kayode Fayemi, a visiting professor at King's College London and former governor of the Nigerian state of Ekiti, during a webinar by Africa Confidential.

Institute for Security Studies, 2 February 2024
Morocco outmanoeuvres SA at the UN Human Rights Council
By Peter Fabricius. Consultant, ISS Pretoria
But why did South Africa lose the wider vote (and so badly)? Africa Confidential attributed it to several factors: Pretoria's strong pro-SADR stance; its 'non-aligned' (some would say pro-Moscow) position on Russia's war against Ukraine; its pro-LGBTQ policies; and most recently, its high-profile charge of genocide against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

…Africa Confidential also suggested Morocco had worked with Israel to defeat South Africa in the presidency poll. It cited Morocco's 'de facto alliance with Israel under the Abraham Accord. Rabat recognised Israel in 2021 in a three-cornered pact in which the United States recognised Morocco's sovereignty over Western Sahara.' 

AfricaNOW! podcast, 31 October 2023
AC Editor Patrick Smith and others in conversation with Martine Dennis

Gulf States Newsletter, 29 June 2023
UAE deal for Congolese gold prompts questions and concerns
Africa Confidential described the deal as offering "stupendously generous terms" for a majority foreign-owned entity. The London-based newsletter said the recently completed Congo Gold Raffinerie in South Kivu's capital Bukavu may now struggle to source gold for its own operations. Congo Gold Raffinerie is taxed at a rate of 10% on its exports. It had reportedly been lobbying for better terms but was over-ruled by the government.

The Nolan Show, 18 March 2023
Stephen Nolan on BBC Sounds 1:14:27
Africa Confidential Editor Patrick Smith talks to Stephen Nolan about Home Secretary Suella Braverman's visit to Rwanda to discuss the controversial plan to send migrants to the country if they've entered to United Kingdom illegally

The New York Times, 8 July 2022
José Eduardo dos Santos, Longtime Angolan Ruler, Dies at 79
By Alan Cowell
Mr. Lourenço's government seemed intent on clawing back as much of the missing billions as possible. As the influential British newsletter Africa Confidential put it, the tussle "is set to be a gargantuan legal battle stretching over many years."

Whistleblower Network News, 28 February 2022
Rotten to the Core: Fishing Company Tried to Have Whistleblower Committed
By Mark Worth
’s largest fishing company tried to silence a whistleblower who had information about an alleged multimillion-dollar bribery scheme by having him involuntarily committed to a hospital, Africa Confidential has reported.

Samherji established a secretive group of employees known as the "guerrilla unit" who conspired to destroy the reputation of Jóhannes Stefánsson, a company executive who knew about bribes paid to obtain fishing rights in Namibia. "Hopefully [our CEO] will sharpen the knives and go on to slaughter Jóhannes," a guerrilla unit member e-mailed to another. "Yes, I know. I want to stab, turn and sprinkle salt into the wound," the colleague responded, according to Africa Confidential.

BBC News, 25 February 2022
Ukraine crisis and Africa: The effects on oil, students and bread
By Mark Heywood
But the editor of the UK-based Africa Confidential publication, Patrick Smith, said the war offered massive opportunities for oil- and gas-producing countries.

"Europe has to rapidly find alternatives to Russian gas, and the most reliable alternatives are in Africa. It's a great opportunity for African states to move in, and get new deals done quickly," he added.

He said the biggest danger Africa faced was from the likely rise in bread prices, as Russia and Ukraine supply about 30% of the world's wheat.

"The price of bread has been a driving force of political instability, and triggered the Arab Spring. The Maghreb countries – Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya and Algeria, which rely heavily on wheat – could be worst-affected by the tightening of supplies and an increase in prices," Smith said.

Middle East Eye, 3 December 2021
Sudan: Hemeti offers reminder of military's power with border threat to Europe
By Oscar Rickett
Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, told MEE that "Hemeti's take on the Khartoum Process is a powerful one. You've got to say that the EU has engaged with him and that its main concern is migration." 

Middle East Eye, 8 November 2021
Sudan: Hemeti emerges from the shadows to support Burhan's coup
By Oscar Rickett
Also at stake is the control of Sudan's wealth. As reported by Africa Confidential, the transitional government's 18-member Committee to Dismantle the 30 June 1989 Regime and Retrieve Public Funds had managed to claw back more than $1bn in assets for the finance ministry.

Middle East Eye, 29 October 2021
Sudan coup: Where is Hemeti?
By Oscar Rickett
"The Burhan-Hemeti dynamic is weird. They are mutually treacherous," says Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential. "The Egyptians favour Burhan due to his training in Cairo. The rich, ruthless desert warrior Hemeti is more to Saudi and Emirati tastes. He delivered the mercenaries for the war in Yemen, and made more money out of it."

Middle East Eye, 25 October 2021
Sudan coup 2021: Who is Abdel Fattah al-Burhan?
By Oscar Rickett
Burhan and Sisi are longstanding friends, though the Sudanese general has lifelong affiliations with the kinds of Islamist movements that Sisi has outlawed. Still, as Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, told MEE, the two military leaders are united by "the greater good of stopping democracy".

Premium Times, 5 October 2021
PANDORA PAPERS: How Governor Bagudu amassed dirty billions and how he is hiding it
By Taiwo-Hassan Adebayo
In stealing the funds, Mr Abacha set up what Africa Confidential described as a "Plunder Machine", involving his family, officials, and associates such as Mr Bagudu, complemented by established western and local banks and offshore enablers.

France24, 24 September 2022
Chad FM warns against Russian interference
United Nations (United States) (AFP)
Cherif Mahamat Zene said "external interference, wherever it comes from, poses a very serious problem for the stability and security of my country," when asked about Russia's Wagner Group.

He told AFP and Africa Confidential on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York that every measure would be taken "to ensure" Chad is protected.

Politico SL, 21 September 2021
Deposing a dictatorial professor
By Abdul Tejan-Cole
While Doumbouya's criticisms of Le Professor may be legitimate and valid, his intetions are far from altruistic. Both Jeune Afrique and Africa Confidential have reported that the real reason for the coup was a power tussle between senior Mandingo officials in Conde's top circles.

The Africa Report, 2 August 2021
South Africa: Who is leading KwaZulu-Natal?
"The ANC in KZN should already have held its elective provincial conference, but this has been repeatedly postponed as the factions battle it out in the party’s provincial executive committee, branches and regions," reports Africa Confidential.

Haaretz, 15 July 2021
'Bribe Totaling $360m': Docs Presented by Israeli Billionaire Dan Gertler Embroil Him in One of Biggest Graft Probes Ever
By Gur Megiddo, Hagar Shezaf and Daniel Balint-Kurti
The details of that request are revealed here for the first time, in tandem with a report on Bloomberg and the Africa Confidential online magazine.

New Internationalist, 14 July 2021
Hall of Infamy: Yoweri Museveni
Sources: The Review of African Political Economy; Africa Confidential; BBC; International Crisis Group; CNN; Daily Monitor.

The Africa Report, 2 July 2021
Ghana: Government needs to answer for its handling of Coronavirus
"The Ministry in Accra issued a detailed rebuttal claiming it had exhausted all efforts to engage with the Russian government, and had no option but to pursue the Dubai route," reports Africa Confidential.

The Africa Report, 4 June 2021

South Africa: Does Ace Magashule have a plan?
Zuma and Magashule's plan was to "mobilise the branches against Ramaphosa and his allies, running campaigns ahead of the key party conferences, then regaining control of the party's top decision-making bodies," say Africa Confidential.

The Africa Report, 25 Tuesday May 2021
Nigeria: Panic spreading as regional security teams prove ineffectualIn the north of the country, Kaduna's Governor Nasir el Rufai and Benue's Governor Samuel Ortom "are locked in a bitter exchange of words over who should take the blame for the worsening violence", say Africa Confidential.

GNN Liberia, 15 May 2021
Why did George Weah's bodyguard commit suicide?
"Many Liberians believe a secret militia exists to intimidate or eliminate Weah's opponents", says Africa Confidential

While Weah's predecessor Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was thick-skinned and laughed away frequent attacks by the media, "Weah – his critics say – is deeply insecure to be insecure and unfocused. He rages and threatens after every perceived slight", says Africa Confidential.

Citi TV, 14 April 2021
The Point Of View (video)
Bernard Koku Avle
speaks to Andrew Weir and others about Africa Confidential'SPECIAL REPORT: How Vincent Bolloré won control of Ghana's biggest port

Foreign Policy, 7 April 2021
Corruption in Ghana
Just weeks after a 12 million euro ($14.3 million) fine for corruption in Togo, an investigation by Africa Confidential alleges that the French conglomerate Bolloré used a similar strategy to secure a lucrative contract to manage Ghana's Tema port, which is also a lifeline for landlocked Mali and Burkina Faso.

Private Eye Issue 1544, 2 April 2021
Eye World – Letter from Accra
From Our Own Correspondent
In 2014, then-president Mahama had scuppered a lengthy procurement process for the container terminal and secretly awarded the lot to Bolloré and Maersk's local vehicle, according to the Africa Confidential newsletter. When Mahama left office, Nana's people investigated and found the terms of the deal hugely favoured the foreigners, who even got a tax waiver of $832m on a $1bn investment. A government report outlined chicanery and collusion; but instead of renegotiating, Nana and Co kept it secret.

The Africa Report, 25 March 2021
How Vincent Bolloré won Ghana's Tema port contract
By Nicholas Norbrook
A new leaked report obtained by Africa Confidential shows how French ports and media billionaire gained control of Ghana's busiest port, at the expense of the public purse.

World Politics Review, 19 March 2021
Can the End of Congo's Power Struggle Stabilize Its East?
By Nelleke van de Walle
A recent article in Africa Confidential, a respected outlet specializing in in-depth coverage of the continent, argued that "Tshisekedi is playing fast and loose with the constitution" in his "bid to assume complete political control" of the country.

The Africa Report, 9 March 2021
DRC: Biden ends sanctions-relief deal for businessman Dan Gertler
By Patrick Smith
The leaked records, which document an elaborate system of money movements centred on Afriland First Bank‘s branch in Kinshasa, were made public by the campaign group the Platform for the Protection of Whistleblowers in Africa (PLAAF), Africa Confidential, Radio France Internationale (RFI) and Bloomberg News.

The two whistleblowers, Gradi Koko Lobanga and Navy Malela, were both working as in-house auditors for Afriland in Kinshasa.

They told Africa Confidential their attempts to raise concerns about evidence of money laundering at Afriland First Bank's Kinshasa office were met with obfuscation, and then the threat of violence, prompting their flight to Europe.

Haaretz, 17 February 2021
'Israeli Tycoon Steinmetz Told Me to Pay for Dirt on Soros'
By Gur Megiddo
The revelation that Sdema's services had been used in this way arose in a confrontation – an investigation procedure in which a witness and suspect directly confront each other – between Steinmetz and Kerzner arranged as part of the investigation. Africa Confidential first published information about the affair last month, without naming Sdema.

The Times, 5 February 2021
Former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn seeks a living as Mr Fixit for tiny African states
By Jane Flanagan
Strauss-Kahn's firm Parnasse International recently lost a lucrative consulting contract with the government of the mineral-rich Democratic Republic of Congo, which is trying to re-establish links with the IMF.

There was further disappointment when a recent debt-suspension initiative announced by the G20 produced a flurry of African contracts for consultants peddling advice but Parnasse was left empty-handed.

"It was not for want of trying," reported Africa Confidential, which has covered economics and politics for 60 years. "The former IMF head has offered his services to a number of West African countries over the last six months but none has taken him up."

The Africa Report, 19 January 2021
Nigeria: Lookback at Buhari's legacy, as potential successors crop up
By 'Tofe Ayeni
Kyari's replacement, veteran diplomat Ibrahim Gambari, 76, has a less close personal relationship with the President and is more cautious; particularly on internal party issues and national security. The pace of government has slowed further, with decisions delayed or diluted, reports Africa Confidential.

Southern Times, 11 December 2020
4 million register to vote in Zambia
By Jeff Kapembwa
The Economic Intelligence Unit of the UK-based The Economist, and Africa Confidential have in separate reports projected poll victories for the ruling Patriotic Front and incumbent President, Dr Edgar Lungu, in next year's election. This is despite headwinds such as the country's debt crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Zimbabwe Independent, 11 December 2020
Revamping Zim's success story II
By Fay Chung
It appears that the Government was also utilising the street market to exchange USD for Zimbabwean dollars (Zimdollars) according to an influential Africa Confidential Report in October 2019.

The Guardian, 10 September 2020
'They want to shut down his voice': how did Hotel Rwanda dissident end up on trial?
By Jason Burke Africa correspondent
According to flight data obtained by the authoritative website Africa Confidential, planes used by the company have flown five round trips to the Rwandan capital since June. Authorities in the UAE have denied all knowledge of the incident.

Mail and Guardian, 10 July 2020
When the President met the Imam – with Mali's future hanging in the balance
By Mucahid Durmaz
Despite his education there, Dicko has never embraced Saudi Arabia's ultra-conservative Wahhabist interpretation of Islam, and does has never endorsed violent jihad, according to Africa Confidential. "Dicko insists that he does not regard an Islamic republic model as suitable for Mali and dismisses suggestions that he is a Wahabbist. But while he is fully accepting of a secular state structure and legal regime, he remains a firmly conservative advocate of religious values in family matters and personal behaviour," the magazine explained.

Sunday Times (South Africa), 28 June 2020
Obituary: John Bredenkamp: Sanctions buster and arms dealer
By Chris Barron
The London-based newsletter Africa Confidential wrote: "On a continent where businessmen progress through a combination of hard-nosed pragmatism and personal networks, Bredenkamp is in the premier league."

ZimLive, 22 June 2020
Tagwirei's Landela and CBZ get green-light to buy gold, could eclipse Fidelity
By Tony Karombo
Tagwirei is Zanu PF's top donor, pouring millions of dollars into the party's operations and their last election campaign in 2018. According to Africa Confidential, he snapped up CBZ shares using money from Command Agriculture. The respected magazine claimed Tagwirei was "fronting" President Mnangagwa in that deal, suggesting the Zanu PF leader has a controlling stake in Zimbabwe's biggest bank by assets.

World Politics Review, 4 June 2020
Repression in Mozambique Is Stoking an Islamist Insurgency, Risking Wider Unrest
By Hilary Matfess, Alexander Noyes
According to a report in the online news outlet Africa Confidential, "the insurgents have studiously avoided adopting a unique label and all these titles may be flags of convenience." A pledge of allegiance to ISCAP is a particularly tenuous connection to the Islamic State, as the strength of the link between the extremist group and its Central African affiliate remains unclear.

Financial Times, 19 May 2020
US backs away from WHO move on access to Covid-19 treatments
By David Pilling in London, Demetri Sevastopulo in Washington and Michael Peel in Brussels
In a letter seen by the Financial Times, African ambassadors in Geneva said attacks on the WHO's Mr Tedros "from some quarters" had an "unfortunate racial overtone". In the letter, first published in Africa Confidential, a specialist newsletter, the ambassadors said in an apparent dig at Washington that "failures at the national level should not be attributed to the WHO". 

The Times, 6 May 2020
Zimbabwe facing 'domestic collapse' without new IMF loan
By Jane Flanagan
In the letter, first revealed by the Africa Confidential newsletter, Mr Ncube, a Cambridge-educated mathematician, asked for "urgent and high-level dialogue" on a bridge loan to clear the multilateral arrears, as well as the rescheduling of other overdue debts owed to governments.

In return for such support, Zimbabwe would undertake political and economic reforms, he wrote. Without it the government would have no choice but to revert to printing money, risking a return to hyperinflation and the total crash of the local currency.

VOA, 5 May 2020
Zimbabwe Dismisses Reports of Troops Deployment in Mozambique to Quell Islamic State Insurgency
By Blessing Zulu
Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube recently admitted in a letter addressed to International Financers that Harare was "on the brink of collapse" if it fails to secure a US$200 million to help fight the novel coronavirus pandemic. The leaked letter was released by the British-based website, Africa Confidential. Efforts to authenticate the letter were futile as calls to Ncube's mobile were not being answered.

Financial Times, 3 May 2020
Zimbabwe pleads for aid to avert 'collapse' and fight Covid
By Joseph Cotterill and David Pilling
In the letter – first revealed by Africa Confidential, a specialist newsletter, and sent last month – Mr Ncube asked for "urgent and high-level dialogue" on a bridge loan to clear the multilateral arrears, as well as the rescheduling of other overdue debts owed to governments.

In return for help, Zimbabwe would pledge to halt central bank money printing and "eliminate discretion in the allocation of foreign exchange", he said.

Bloomberg, 3 May 2020
Locked Out of Aid, Zimbabwe Begs IMF and World Bank for Help
By Antony Sguazzin and Godfrey Marawanyika
"The global Covid-19 pandemic is expected to have a devastating health, humanitarian and economic impact on Zimbabwe," Ncube said in the letter. "Domestic resources to allow the authorities to mitigate the impact of the pandemic are insufficient and access to external financing is severely constrained due to external debt arrears." … Africa Confidential and the Financial Times earlier reported on the letter.

The letter, dated 2 April, came shortly after reports of a coup plot against President Mnangagwa were circulating, Africa Confidential reported. It cited a security source saying the authorities had delayed the lockdown in the capital Harare for fear that plotters could exploit conditions to move against the president and his supporters.

iNews, 1 May 2020
Coronavirus: Zimbabwe's finance minister pleads for help with country on 'brink of collapse'
By David Connett

The letter, details of which were released by the authoritative UK-based website Africa Confidential, stated: "Zimbabwe's economy could contract by 15 to 20 per cent during 2020, with very serious social consequences. Already 8.5 million Zimbabweans (half the population) are food insecure."

…The letter, dated 2 April, came shortly after reports of a coup plot against President Mnangagwa were circulating, Africa Confidential reported. It cited a security source saying the authorities had delayed the lockdown in the capital Harare for fear that plotters could exploit conditions to move against the president and his supporters.

NewsDay, 1 May 2020
We made policy missteps: Mthuli
By Everson Mushava
President Emmerson Mnangagwa's government has approached international financiers begging for a lifeline to avoid a possible economic collapse and political upheaval, a respected security publication has reported.

The government's desperate pleas were exposed by Africa Confidential, a respected London-based newsletter covering politics and economics in Africa, which obtained letters written to International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank (WB) and African Development Bank (AfDB) by Finance minister Mthuli Ncube.

New Zimbabwe, 1 May 2020
Ncube grovels before IMF, admits Zim headed for economic collapse, begs for US$200m to avert implosion
By Costa Nkomo
President Emmerson Mnangagwa's troubled administration has admitted the country's economy was taking a nose-dive and has begged for US$200 rescue package from international financial institutions to avert complete collapse.

This emerged in a letter written early last month to the World Bank and IMF by Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube.

In the letter seen by Africa Confidential, Ncube, who has stubbornly dismissed public criticism his policies were taking the country to no-man's land, admits an implosion was imminent with a tiny national purse further strained by unbudgeted Covid-19 expenditure.

Pindula News, 30 April 2020
'Zimbabwe Is On The Brink Of Collapse', Mthuli Begs For Financial Bailout
The Zimbabwean government has appealed to the International Finance Institutions (IFIs) for a bailout package, concerned that it was close to collapse without an urgent stimulus rescue package.

This was revealed in the April 30 edition of the "Africa Confidential". The publication said Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube wrote to the International Monetary Institution, World Bank and African Development Bank highlighting the country's precarious financial position and pleading for cash.

The Africa Report, 16 April 2020
AfDB's latest controversy: accusations against its president, Akinwumi Adesina
By Joël Té-Léssia Assoko
However, the controversy the Nigerian leader has become engulfed in since the beginning of April is unprecedented. In documents received in recent weeks by several media outlets, including Jeune Afrique, The Africa Report, and our colleagues at the French daily Le Monde and the British bulletin Africa Confidential, a group of anonymous "concerned staff members" detailed a long list of grievances (16 in the English version and several dozen in the French version) towards the AfDB president.

Zimbabwe Independent, 3 April 2020
Effective responses to Esap (II)
One negative factor has been over-expenditure by the government, utilising more than is available to the country. This has been exposed by Africa Confidential.

This Day, 15 March 2020
With Coronavirus, Saudi-Russia Oil War, It's Trouble for Nigeria
By Nosa James-Igbinadolor
Africa including Nigeria is beginning to feel the effect of these major external shocks. According to Africa Confidential, three-quarters of Nigeria's and Angola's oil production earmarked for export in April is unsold. Similar deficits are reported from Chad, Republic of Congo, and Gabon.

Council on Foreign Relations 6 March 2020
Africa Confronts Falling Oil Prices Amid Coronavirus
Blog Post by John Campbell
The new coronavirus has led to a slowdown in economic activity in China and East Asia more broadly. The global price of oil has now fallen to $53 a barrel. This is beginning to affect the oil-exporting countries of Africa. According to Africa Confidential, three-quarters of Nigeria's and Angola's oil production ear-marked for export in April is unsold. Similar deficits are reported from Chad, Republic of Congo, and Gabon.

The Africa Report, 19 February 2020
Kenya: The legend and legacy of Daniel Arap Moi
By Morris Kiruga
"There is great rivalry among the Moi clan, not least due to the unflattering remarks made by Gideon Moi (his father's favourite) about some of his brothers and sisters," Africa Confidential wrote in 1998.

The publication also predicted that this "…competition may affect Kalenjin politics after Moi's departure, and also his personal fortune estimated at over $3 billion (2.8 bn euro). The capital is held in trust by relatives and friends, and in front companies in Kenya, offshore tax havens, and several major international banks."

These predictions were spot on. After Moi left office, his family stepped back, with Gideon taking over from his father, and his brothers and sisters disappearing mostly from public life.

The Times, 13 December 2019
The Countess of Sutherland obituary
She met her husband, Charles Janson, who had been in the Welsh Guards, after the war. She recalled that she first saw him walking across a field wearing a rollneck jersey, unusual at the time. It was a whirlwind romance, mainly conducted at late-night parties. When he proposed, he asked her: "Will you be mine for ever?" She responded: "Not until I see you in the daylight." Janson, a journalist, was far from the aristocratic catch her family had expected. She faced them down. "His father is a butcher," she pronounced firmly, which was short of the truth since he was actually a wealthy financier.

They were married at St Margaret's, Westminster on January 5, 1946. After a honeymoon in Cornwall they spent some years in Paris, where Charles was a correspondent with The Economist and The Sunday Times. Later he edited influential magazines, including Africa Confidential and the Soviet Analyst, a critical source of information during the Cold War. He was also involved with Radio Free Europe.

Le Monde Diplomatique, 29 November 2019
Zambia's borrowing economy
By Jean-Christophe Servant
In December 2018 John Bolton, then US national security advisor and responsible for revealing Washington's new Africa strategy, claimed that China planned to take over some state-owned enterprises if the Zambian government defaulted on its debt. This was a reference to an article published three months earlier in the Africa Confidential newsletter, claiming that the state electricity company Zesco was 'in talks about a takeover by a Chinese company', which raised concerns about 'national sovereignty and Chinese ownership of key components of the country's infrastructure'.

The Zimbabwe Mail, 11 October 2019
Zimbabwe govt denies alleged maize corruption
By Staff Reporter
The government has denied reports that the price of maize being imported from Tanzania has been inflated by more than 100 per cent in order to corruptly benefit the country's political elites.

Financial Times, 23 September 2019
First Quantum Minerals denies takeover talks
By Henry Sanderson
This month a report in Africa Confidential also said Chinese copper miner Jiangxi Copper had bought a 9.9 per cent stake in First Quantum using derivatives.

The Africa Report, 16 September 2019
China-Africa: Copperbelt key to the race for the 21st century
By Patrick Smith
The full length version of this article first appeared in Africa Confidential.

Lusaka Times 16 
President Lungu running out of options over China debts – Africa Confidential
President Edgar Lungu is reportedly panicking and running out of options when it comes to dealing with the swelling level of Chinese debt, the latest Africa Confidential says.

The Guardian, 28 August 2019
Russia pushing 'unsuitable' nuclear power in Africa, critics claim
By Jason Burke
Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, an investigative newsletter, said: "Russians can't write big cheques but have mastered the art of making themselves really popular, albeit with some of the worst leaders in Africa. They want the ties too. The more powers they can play off against each other, the better."

Middle East Eye, 28 August 2019
Gold, weapons, fighters: Sudanese Janjaweed's international path to power
By Kaamil Ahmed
Though Assimeh was not part of Hemeti's Janjaweed faction, Africa Confidential reported that some of the fighters who fought in CAR were later absorbed into the RSF

Financial Times, 31 July 2019
Why South Africa's two ANCs are at war
By David Pilling
Now, at last, the ANC can get back to tackling South Africa's real problems. The only hitch, to borrow an idea from Africa Confidential, a specialist newsletter, is that there are two ANCs. And they are at war.

Daily Nation, 21 July 2019
Abiy's Ethiopia democratic revolution is unravelling
By Peter Kagwanja
But Afewerk seems to have dealt a blow to the Amhara. In its July 12, 2019 issue, suggestively titled: "Asmara and Amhara", the Africa Confidential posited that Afewerki may have had a hand in encouraging Amhara militancy in Ethiopia. Amhara militants who came back to Ethiopia under amnesty, used the chance to organise anti-regime military action from within Amhara State, precipitating the abortive "Amhara Coup".

Kampala Post, 9 July 2019
Two Rwandan Army Battalions on Congolese Soil in Violation of the UN Charter, DRC Constitution
By Kampala Post Reporter
UN peacekeepers have revealed the presence of two Rwandan army battalions on Congolese soil, according to the British online journal Africa Confidential, on June 20, 2019.

These Rwandan troops have taken up positions in the Virunga National Park, Province of North Kivu, and in the border areas with Burundi, Province of South Kivu, according to the British newspaper, which adds that this intervention on Congolese soil is intended to fight against armed groups, without specifying the duration and identity of the armed groups targeted. On the Kinshasa side, it's radio silence.

Balancing Act, 28 June 2019
Orange pulls out of Niger over tax dispute – One of likely buyers is a tax avoider named in the Panama Papers
A report in Africa Confidential names two potential buyers, Maroc Telecom having decided not to make an offer. It named the two potential buyers of the Orange subsidiary as Telecel Global and local businessman Mohamed Rissa Ali.

The Africa Report, 27 May 2019
Sudan's transition needs to unpick the army from the economy
By Nicholas Norbrook
Just as the price of bread sparked the Sudan protests, writes Africa Confidential (paywall), the political economy will remain at the heart of reform efforts for the transitional government.
  • "At stake will be the military's domination of the economy. Over 60% of state spending goes on military and security spending, according to IMF and World Bank estimates."
  • "Official budgetary allocations put security spending at five times the level of health spending and 35 times the budget for education." 
The Citizen, 20 May 2019
Govt to redraft stalled Sagcot scheme
By Louis Kolumbia
Mr Thomas Herlehy, theam leader of the MGF, who resigned in January, was quoted ay Africa Confidential saying that the government did not want to make matching grants to private sector agribusinesses. The government wanted to change the MGF from a grant scheme to a loan-based scheme. According to Mr Herlyhy, it also insisted that any fixed assets which investors would purchase would, at some future date, be transferred to local rural district councils, which would hold the property on behalf of targeted smallholders.
The Arab Weekly, 19 May 2019
Why Sudanese are wary of outside influence as they press for civilian rule
Some have suggested that an Islamist-dominated "deep state," which evolved over the 30 years of al-Bashir's dictatorship, could prove to be a serious obstacle to change in the country. None of al-Bashir's network of covert armed units has been demobilised though a few seem to be under central military control, Africa Confidential reporting suggested.
The Africa Report, 13 May 2019
Zimbabwe's 'Zollar' being manipulated by political elites
By Nicholas Norbrook
Despite currency reforms at the beginning of April, there is still a wide gap between the official and parallel market, reports Africa Confidential.

The reason: "senior figures in the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front are profiteering by buying currency at the official rate and selling it at the unofficial rate."

The Africa Report, 10 May 2019
Zambia's President Lungu struggles to pay civil servants
By Nicholas Norbrook
Senior civil servants told Africa Confidential that "some of the talks with China resulted from Exim Bank sending a delegation to Zambia two months ago to demand overdue payments to Chinese contractors."
Lusaka Times, 3 May 2019
State House accuses Africa Confidential and Bloomberg of wanting to stop FDI to Zambia 
Special Assistant to the President for Press and Public Relations Amos Chanda says the "extreme preposterous allegations" being peddled by Bloomberg and Africa Confidential are aimed at killing the Zambian economy by stopping Foreign Direct Investment.
Lusaka Times, 2 May 2019
Government used NAPSA funds to pay February delayed salaries – Africa Confidential
The respected UK based investigative publication Africa Confidential has claimed that the Zambian government raised the country's largest pensions fund NAPSA to pay delayed February salaries for civil servants.
The Times, 15 April 2019
Egypt: Sisi recruits sons to help him stay in office until 2030
Richard Spencer, Middle East Correspondent
Africa Confidential, the respected consultancy, said: "Sisi's eldest son, Mustafa, is a senior official in the organisation, which Sisi has strengthened to the point that it is rivalling the internal security services for influence."
By MEE staff
"It has taken a million Sudanese, mostly women, to get rid of this regime," Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, told Middle East Eye. "They want to know where the rest of the world has been all this time. It is a cultural revolution as much as a political one and it is being driven by young women."
The Politic, 27 March 2019
Not Free, Not Fair, Not Credible: Did Britain Back a Zimbabwean Autocrat's Re-election?
By Rahul Nagvekar
According to the London-based publication Africa Confidential, Laing and her husband Clive Bates held a pre-election meeting in July with Zimbabwean civil-society groups receiving British funding. The NGOs alleged that they were "encouraged to focus less on the risk that ZANU-PF would use the state and the military to rig the election and more on the risk that the opposition would ‘spoil' the election to protest electoral irregularities."
BBC World Service – Newsday, 21 February 2019
Sudan: Diplomatic pressure on president to resign
In Sudan, there have now been more than two months of protests and 50 demonstrators have been killed. During this time, there are indications that international pressure is mounting to persuade President Omar al-Bashir to resign. What can diplomacy offer him, and will he take a deal? Africa Confidential's Patrick Smith explains to Newsday's Nomia Iqbal.
Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, 6 February 2019
Zambia: Cabinet Minister Arrested for Corruption
By Lucy Papachristou
A report released last September by Africa Confidential alleges that up to US$4.7 million in aid money from Western nations may have been embezzled. As a result, the United Kingdom pulled its aid from Zambia, joining Finland, Sweden, Ireland, and UNICEF. In response, Lungu fired his Minister of Community Development.
The Star, Kenya, 28 January 2019
Reasons for Optimism
By Aly Khan Satchu
"Stroke of a Pen Upsets Kenyan Deputy's Presidential Ambitions'' History teaches us that incumbency has all the advantages and the likes of the Africa Confidential are characterising it as ''Three's a crowd'' Its a fluid political situation and a number of chess-pieces are being moved.
Africa News, 25 January 2019
President Joao Lourenço: businesses, arms deals and old ghosts
By Miguel Sanz
An Africa Confidential article noted in February 2017 that the deal bore 'strong resemblance' to another deal Privinvest had signed with Mozambique a few years earlier. That deal is currently being tried in U.S. courts after Jean Boustani, a Privinvest executive, along with 12 others was arrested and charged with conspiracy to commit fraud and money-laundering in December 2018 and January this year, respectively.
Business Insider Italia, 25 January 2019 
Così la Cina ha colonizzato l'Africa in meno di 10 anni senza violenza
By George Tubei
Secondo un rapporto di Confidential Africa intitolato Bills, Bonds and even Bigger Debts, lo Zambia è in trattativa con la Cina per una possibile acquisizione della società elettrica del paese, ZESCO, dopo l'inadempienza nel rimborso del prestito. Non è solo lo Zambia che potrebbe diventare la prima vittima dell'Africa nell'acquisizione della Cina dopo il mancato pagamento del prestito, ma un paio di altri paesi africani.
Global Investigative Journalism Network, 21 January 2019
By Rowan Philp
In 2017, Africa Confidential revealed that Liberia's war criminal ex-president, Charles Taylor, was headlining election rallies for his cronies from a phone in his British prison cell. In 2015, the boutique news agency exposed a $350 million corruption scam in Mozambique, involving Western loans for a tuna fishing fleet that would never leave the pier. And last year it exposed the fraudulent misuse of almost $5 million in Western aid payments to Zambia, triggering the firing of a cabinet minister and follow-up coverage by international media.
News24, 11 January 2019
DRC's surprise election result could face court challenge
"If Fayulu and his allies, with their own independent security and financial networks, had taken power they would have changed the power structure of DRC and definitively ousted Kabila and his clan," said Patrick Smith of the newsletter Africa Confidential. "Tshisekedi, with his weaker network, looks like being the junior partner in his accommodation with the Kabila establishment."
La Vanguardia, 10 January 2019
Todo apunta a que para el denostado Joseph Kabila, hijo del infausto Laurent Desiré Kabila –que derrocara a Mobutu Sese Seko– habría sido más productivo apostar por Felix Tshisekedi –hijo del también opositor Etienne Tshisekedi, fallecido en el 2017 en Bruselas– que insistir en las prácticas habituales de intimidación y compra de votos. Estados Unidos y algunos gobiernos europeos habrían insistido a Sudáfrica y Angola para que convencieran a Kabila de no amañar las elecciones para dar la victoria a Shadary, según el observatorio Africa Confidential.
Basler Zeitung, 6 January 2019
Das Volk will Ergebnisse sehen
By Bernd Dörries
Doch so einfach ist es offenbar nicht. Dem Regime von Kabila sei «die Kontrolle über die Wahl verloren gegangen, weil nicht genügend Wahlbeamte bestochen wurden», meldet die Zeitschrift «Africa Confidential» unter Berufung auf anonyme Regierungsquellen. Die katholische Bischofskonferenz informierte Ende letzte Woche westliche Diplomaten darüber, dass ihre 40'000 Beobachter aus den bei Wahlstationen ausgehängten Ergebnissen bereits das Endergebnis errechnet hätten.
De Morgen, 5 January 2019
Bisschoppenconferentie Congo: oppositiekandidaat Martin Fayulu heeft verkiezingen gewonnen
Oppositiekandidaat Martin Fayulu is volgens de Congolese bisschoppenconferentie (Cenco) de winnaar van de presidentsverkiezingen in de Democratische Republiek Congo. Dat melden de New York Times en Africa Confidential.
Die Welt English edition • WORLDCRUNCH, 29 November 2018
Africa Awakens From Its China Naivety
By Christian Putsch
The respected magazine Africa Confidential reported that China had proposed to highly indebted Zambia to take over the international airport of its capital city Lusaka, as well as the state-owned electricity company. The governments of Zambia and China vehemently rejected this statement.
Die Welt, 15 November 2018
Afrika erwacht aus seiner China-Naivität
By Christian Putsch
Die angesehene Zeitschrift "Africa Confidential" berichtete, dass China dem hoch verschuldeten Sambia die Übernahme des internationalen Flughafens der Hauptstadt Lusaka sowie des staatlichen Stromversorgers vorgeschlagen habe. Sambias und Chinas Regierungen wiesen diese Darstellung vehement zurück.
Jane's Defence Weekly, 17 October 2018
By Jeremy Binnie
Africa Confidential reported on 12 October that the new deal will be funded by Israel's Bank Hapoalim and is believed to include a new Gulfstream G650 presidential jet. The USD400 million deal previously signed with Elbit Systems covered an unspecified number of F-5 jet fighters, 18 Skylark unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), ground vehicles, and upgrades for Mi-17 helicopters. The deals also include centres for training and command, control, and communications, as well as maintenance, the newsletter said.

Separately, Zambia ordered USD50 million in weapons and ammunition from Israel Weapons Industries, while Israeli company Ashtrom has received a USD200 million contract to upgrade the Maina Soko military hospital in Lusaka and a USD400 million contract to build barracks in Kawambwa district, the Africa Confidential newsletter claimed.

Al Jazeera, 11 October 2018

Is China really to blame for Zambia's debt problems?
By Vito Laterza & Patience Mususa
Zambia's public debt has increased significantly in recent years, and concerns over a possible crisis have lately attracted the attention in Western media. On September 3, a report by British business intelligence outlet Africa Confidential warned of escalating debt caused by allegedly unsustainable Chinese loans and claimed that Zesco, the state-owned national electricity company, has been in talks about a takeover by a Chinese company. The Zambian government refuted the allegations and denied the existence of plans for Zesco's privatisation. 

The Guardian, 25 September 2018
Calls for UK to overturn aid freeze to Zambia despite corruption claims
By Rod Austin
In a report, the newsletter Africa Confidential has documented allegations of systematic misappropriation of aid that could plunge Zambia into a spiralling debt crisis and risk investor confidence in the government. It questioned the country's financial stability and claimed that Lungu was aware of claims over payments of social cash transfers six months ago, but failed to act until now.

Lusaka Times, 21 September 2018
We stand by our stories – Africa Confidential
London based Africa Confidential has defended the stories it has been running on Zambia which has exposed grand corruption in key government departments.

The Mast, 20 September 2018
Zambian govt borrowing like crazy – AC
By Chambwa Moonga
Africa Confidential deputy editor Andrew Weir says the Zambian government has "been borrowing like crazy."

Speaking on Focus on Africa programme on BBC on Tuesday evening, Weir observed that the Zambian government initially "misrepresented things that we were saying."

"But we've been covering this growing debt crisis and problems about public expenditure – what they are spending the money on – for some time now," Weir noted.

Lusaka Times, 20 September 2018
Ministry of Education in massive corruption scandal-Africa Confidential
London based and globally respected journal Africa Confidential has reported that a massive fraud has taken place at the Ministry of Education, bigger than the Social Cash Transfer theft.

It says the total amount embezzled is not yet known but sources in the investigation say it is on a far greater scale than the other frauds uncovered.

The Guardian, 19 September 2018
Zambia sacks minister over claims UK aid cash was embezzled
By Rod Austin
A report this week by Africa Confidential alleges that up to $4.7m (£3.5m) in aid payments may have been embezzled, in fraudulent activity that began in 2012. Other countries including Finland, Sweden and Ireland have also suspended aid to Zambia, pending the outcome of the far-reaching investigation.

Daily Nation, 19 September 2018
Zambian minister Emerine Kabanshi sacked over graft claims
By Michael Chawe
Local media quoted an audit which claims Zampost officers paid themselves $4 million as advances for vehicles and included bogus beneficiaries in the list.

Britain, which colonised Zambia, historically is the southern Africa state's biggest donor.

The graft concerns were published by London-based Journal Africa Confidential.

It said Finland, Sweden, Ireland and Unicef too had frozen funding and that DfID had privately asked for the $4 million to be returned.

Diggers, 19 September 2018
It's hard to advise govt when it's not willing to listen – Saasa
By Sipilisiwe Ncube
Prof Saasa said if government planned to sell Zesco to China as reported by Africa Confidential, the process must be transparent.

BBC News, 18 September 2018
UK freezes aid to Zambia over corruption concerns
The alleged multi-million fraud involves the creation of shell companies and the diversion of money meant for poorer families, the journal Africa Confidential reports.

The Telegraph, 18 September 2018
UK freezes millions in aid to Zambia amid allegations of fraud and looting
By Adrian Blomfield
Britain's high commissioner to Lusaka, Fergus Cochrane-Dyet, confirmed the full suspension of Britain's bilateral aid programme to Zambia after details of the freeze were disclosed by Africa Confidential, an influential fortnightly newsletter.

China Global Television Network, 18 September 2018
U.K. suspends aid to Zambia amid corruption investigation
By CGTN Africa

Africa Confidential reports that the British government is seeking a refund of $4m (£3m) for embezzled funds.

The Mast, 18 September 2018
I'm as frustrated as donors, says Lungu as he orders probe of SCT
By Staff Reporter
However, chief government spokesperson Dora Siliya yesterday expressed ignorance over reports of the Africa Confidential latest edition that revealed that the UK had cut bilateral aid to Zambia, which was directly funding the Social Cash Transfer scheme.

The Mast, 18 September 2018
UK confirms cutting aid to Zambia
By Melony Chisanga
The Africa Confidential has reported cuts in UK's bilateral aid to Zambia following reports of corruption.

Times Live, 18 September 2018
Britain freezes aid to Zambia

Last week, the London-based Africa Confidential publication said misuse of donor funds had pushed Finland and Sweden to freeze aid, while Britain was demanding the return of $4m (R59m) that was allegedly embezzled.

Southern Times, 17 September 2018
Zambia denies it's debt-burdened
By Jeff Kapembwa
In its latest report, this week, Africa Confidential warned that Zambia risks losing its sovereignty to China, as that country would seize national assets should government default on loan repayment.

Atlanta Black Star, 16 September 2018
China Threatens Sovereignty of Several African Nations As It Takes Over Their Resources to Cover Debt
By David Love
Africa Confidential reported that ZESCO, the Zambian state electricity company, was in talks with a Chinese company concerning a takeover of the utility, raising concerns about national sovereignty and Chinese ownership of key components of the country's infrastructure.

Africa News, 15 September 2018
Zambia president slams 'reckless propaganda' on China relations
By Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban
Information from Africa Confidential, a London-based publication had suggested that two state entities were to be taken over by China. It's report was widely reported by other portals that the power company, Zesco, was due for takeover after the state broadcaster.

Breitbart, 15 September 2018
Zambia denies defaulting on infrastructure loans from China
By by John J. Xenakis
In addition, a subscriber-only newsletter called Africa Confidential has published reports detailing embezzlement by Zambian officials, led by President Edgar Chagwa Lungu.

Zambian officials are claiming that the news stories, including those in Africa Confidential, are "fake news," that there is no debt trap, and Zambia will have no problem making payments to China.

Voice of America, 11 September 2018
Zambia Continues to Borrow as China Debt Concerns Rise
By Salem Solomon
Concerns remain high that China is pursuing debt-trap diplomacy with the aim of taking over Africa's strategic assets. One such example comes from Africa Confidential

ZNBC, 11 September 2018
Disregard fake debt stories – Siliya
By Joshua Jere
Ms. Siliya says stories attributed in the Africa Confidential Report that the Chinese Government will take over Zambian assets such as ZESCO, Kenneth Kaunda International Airport and ZNBC are false.

Taiwan News, 11 Sepetember 2018
China snatches up Zambia's state-run power company in southern Africa
By Duncan DeAeth
Now under the current Chinese-friendly administration of Edgar Lungu, the country appears set to be the "first casualty" in China's campaign to establish economic and political hegemony in Africa.

A report by Africa Confidential entitled "Bills, Bonds and even Bigger Debts" spells out the risk clearly by stating:

"China's BRI strategy is first to encourage indebtedness, and then to take over strategic national assets when debtors default on repayments. The state electricity company ZESCO is already in talks about a takeover by a Chinese company."

Deutsche Welle, 7 September 2018
Angola: Will President Joao Lourenco bring change?
By Manuel Luamba (Luanda), Johannes Beck contributed to this article
is also accused of being overly extravagant. According to the trade journal "Africa Confidential," he chartered a Boeing 787 for a trip to Belgium, France and Spain, which cost around $74,000 per hour.

Lusaka Times, 4 September 2018
China to take over ZESCO
The respected Africa Confidential has revealed that talks are underway for a Chinese company to takeover power utility ZESCO.

And Africa Confidential has warned that Zambia risks losing its sovereignty to China as that country will seize national assets once government defaults on loans.

BBC News, 1 September 2018
South Africa: The groups playing on the fears of a 'white genocide'
By Farouk Chothia
The editor of the UK-based Africa Confidential publication, Patrick Smith, said he believed that Mrs May's comments were "recommended by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to differentiate the UK's position from that of Trump and his white nationalist pals".

Since the vote to leave the European Union, the UK government was "working hard to get a foothold in markets it hasn't paid attention to" so it was unlikely to strain relations with the South African government over land, Mr Smith added.

Journal du Cameroun, 4 July 2018
Sierra Leone: Much anticipated Transition report to be released today
Yusuf Keketoma Sandi, Presidential Press Secretary, was quoted on Tuesday saying the report revealed massive corruption levels in government which led to the near collapse of the economy. Mr Sandi's claims echoes a widely publicized report by the UK-based Africa Confidential magazine last week which cited a leaked version accusing former President Koroma of presiding over grand corruption in government. 

The Washington Post, 15 June 2018
Four things you should know about mutinies
By Kim Yi Dionne
Drawing on hundreds of interviews — 50 with former mutineers — and a systematic review of high-quality reporting outlets (e.g., Africa Confidential and Africa Research Bulletin), Dwyer identifies and describes what drives soldiers to mutiny.

The Namibian, 5 June 2018
Has Zambia's failure to secure IMF aid deal rattled investors?
[Economist Chibamba Kanyama's] views have been supported by the Africa Confidential, a renowned specialist publication on Africa.

In its latest analysis of Zambia dated 1 June, the publication notes that the current situation was a reflection that the Zambia government has failed to yield confidence before the IMF following the continued borrowing for infrastructure projects.

According to the publication, last year, investors still believed there was a chance of an IMF financial bailout but that the continued borrowing may have scotched any chances of a programme.

"Experts say an IMF programme and a loan to support the balance of payments are essential. But the IMF wants Zambia to show that it will stop borrowing and get debt on a stable path," it said.

IRIN News, 1 June 2018
Migrant superheroes, dodgy donors, and redesigning aid: The Cheat Sheet
President Muhammadu Buhari, himself a Fulani and in failing health, has been "slow to respond" to what Africa Confidential describes as just "one element of a wider problem of rampant criminality [that is] either ignored or encouraged by local politicians."

Institute for Security Studies, 28 May 2018
Herdsmen crisis underscores Nigeria's complex security threats
By Simon Allison
As Africa Confidential writes: 'The herdsman-farmer clashes, with both sides forming well-armed 'self-defence' militias, (have) become the dominant security issue in the country. In reality, it is one element of a wider problem of rampant criminality, either ignored or encouraged by local politicians.

Lusaka Times, 18 May 2018
President Lungu personally signed sovereign guarantee for "secret" Zesco loan – Africa Confidential
A latest report published by the respected African Confidential says President Edgar Lungu personally signed a sovereign guarantee for a South African company called Stag Africa to raise US$500 million on behalf of Zesco.

African Arguments, 2 May 2018
Why Buhari likes Trump, Africa's next female president, and much more
This episode prompted debate of when and where Africa's next female president would be elected. Since Ameenah Gurib-Fakim resigned from the presidency in Mauritius, Africa has had no female head of state or government.

So who might be next?

Namibia is a possibility. According to Africa Confidential, Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah, foreign minister and vice president of the ruling party, is "perfectly positioned to become the next head of state at the end of President Hage Geingob's second term in 2025, or earlier, should his health fail."

Reuters, 3 February 2017
Sierra Leone says relations with IMF "normal" after suspended payout
By Reuters Staff

Both the IMF statement and the minister's comments followed a story in Africa Confidential, a London-based publication, which sited a leaked U.S. diplomatic cable reporting that President Ernest Bai Koroma's government had had its IMF funding suspended because of foot-dragging on reforms such as taxing luxury car imports, and removing subsidies on fuel and rice.

Mail on Sunday, 9 December 2017
Plane wrong: Mozambique's leader buys a £7million private jet while his people starve and the country gets £55million a year in UK foreign aid
By Nick Craven
According to respected economic and political newsletter Africa Confidential, the aircraft was bought with a loan from the state-owned BNI bank, which is closely linked with the finance ministry. 'Commentators were amazed at the insensitivity and extravagance of the acquisition in view of the country's deep economic crisis,' it reported.

BBC News, 20 November 2017
Gen Constantine Chiwenga: The army chief who took power from Mugabe
By Farouk Chothia
Yet, Gen Chiwenga played a central role in keeping Mr Mugabe in power after he lost elections to his main rival, Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), in 2008, amid reports that Mr Mugabe was going to accept defeat.
"He told Mugabe: 'We can't lose elections. We can't hand power to the MDC. We are going to obliterate them," UK-based Africa Confidential magazine editor Patrick Smith told the BBC, adding that he carried out the operation with Emmerson Mnangagwa, the man Gen Chiwenga is trying to install as Mr Mugabe's successor as president.
"They are joined at the hip, with Mnangagwa the senior partner," Mr Smith said.

The New York Times, 15 November 2017
With Mugabe's Era Ending in Zimbabwe, a Warning Echoes in Africa
By Norimitsu Onishi and Alan Cowell
Patrick Smith, the editor of the Africa Confidential newsletter and The Africa Report magazine, said that since Mr. Mugabe made the decision to break with his former vice president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, and other liberation leaders, "there was not going to be a way back."

The Hill, 6 September 2017
Kenya's annulled election is a lesson in assuring electoral justice
By Riva Levinson
And, in December of 2016, the then-main opposition party in Ghana, New Patriotic Party (NPP), took the Nigerian example one step further developing proprietary software and a logistical process to chase the ballot's chain of custody from approximately 29,000 polling stations, through the district tabulation centers, and to the national counting center. The NPP methodology was subsequently documented by Africa Confidential, How Ghana's opposition won the elections data duel.

Vanguard, 5 September 2017
Ex-President Jonathan's PR adviser Pottinger sanctioned in S/Africa
Powerbase listed the firm as working for Jonathan in 2014 in preparation for the 2015 presidential election in Nigeria. Also Africa Confidential said: "Joe Trippi, who worked on the campaigns of such luminaries as Walter Mondale, Edward Kennedy and Howard Dean, is advising Jonathan. Alongside him is Bell Pottinger, the firm that helped Margaret Thatcher win three elections."

This Day, 28 August 2017
UK's National Crime Agency Freezes Alison-Madueke's London Properties
By Tobi Soniyi
"The DoJ's affidavit stated that businessmen, Jide Omokore and Kola Aluko were involved in the purchase of two of the properties allegedly bought for Alison-Madueke.

The UK order obtained by Africa Confidential, a newsletter specialising in politics and business in Africa, has revealed that three of the properties have been frozen under the Proceeds of Crime Act."

Sahara Reporters, 16 August 2017
Another Nigerian Oil Mogul Named In Alison-Madueke's Corruption Scandal, UK Property Frozen
By Premium Times
"Three London properties linked to the alleged bribery of Mrs. Alison-Madueke have been frozen under the UK Proceeds of Crime Act, at least one of which is owned by Mr. Peters.

The order, issued in September 2016 and obtained by Africa Confidential, forbids defendants Benedict Peters, Mrs. Alison-Madueke, Atlantic Energy's Kola Aluko and Jide Omokore, Christopher Aire (a jeweller for Mrs. Alison-Madueke) and Donald Amamgbo (her cousin) from disposing of or dealing with the properties."

The Zambian Observer, 14 July 2017
Zambia in state of suspense – Africa Confidential
By 'The motive behind the state of emergency is to keep Hichilema in detention and intimidate the UPND and other opposition forces, a State House source told Africa Confidential before the official announcement was made.'

The Guardian 12 July 2017 
Trump delays decision on lifting sanctions against Sudan
By Hannah Summers
'Gillian Lusk, associate editor at Africa Confidential, said: "Human rights and peace NGOs, along with the Sudanese opposition – political parties but also the advocacy community – will welcome the extension of today's deadline, although a longer delay would have been preferable.

"Politically, it is a major blow for a regime which is under growing pressure domestically from both an angry public and an economy which has virtually collapsed, not because of the sanctions, but because of government mismanagement and corruption."

Lusk added: "The country's money has gone to a ruling Islamist party, into private pockets and into the military-security nexus which keeps a hated regime in power."'

Did Mujuru turn a blind eye to state terrorism?
By Deutsche Welle
'In 2011, according to Africa Confidential Mujuru told business leaders that the Zanu-PF leadership and the president were completely unaware of the killings and the violence committed in the party's name.'

Pipeline Technology Journal, 9 March 2017
Oil Militants in the Niger Delta throttle Nigeria's Oil Production
By Admir Celovic - Mark Iden
'A year ago, in their most sophisticated attack, militants used divers to blow up an underwater section of the pipeline in the Atlantic. Defying militant death threats, Shell flew in underwater engineers who took seven months to get the pipeline operational -- two days later, the militants bombed it again. Shell Nigeria lost $3 billion during the seven months of repairs, Africa Confidential newsletter estimated at the time.'

Geekwire, 23 February 2017
Working Geek: Gates Foundation Chief Strategy Officer Mark Suzman takes leadership cues from former boss Kofi Annan
By Monica Nickelsburg
'Daily reads? Favorite sites and newsletters? 'I read more than most people, without a doubt. In addition to the news apps I mentioned before, I read the daily news summary from the foundation about work related to our issues across the globe. Also, I subscribe to Africa Confidential, India Today, and the Eurasia Group's political intelligence summaries, which are all great resources."'

allAfrica, 14 February 2017
Mozambique: Kroll Given an Extra Month for Audit, as Pressure Grows to Renounce Debt
By John Hanlon
'Meanwhile, Africa Confidential (3 Feb), which has been well informed on the debt crisis, reports that a growing faction within Frelimo favours repudiating the $2 bn secret debt. This is based on the report of the parliamentary commission, which found that the government guarantees given by former finance minister Manuel Chang for the three original loans were illegal, and null and void. The recent reshuffle suggests former President Armando Guebuza is losing influence. It was in his administration that loans were organised and some in Frelimo want those responsible for the loans, used to buy apparently inappropriate military equipment and tuna trawlers, to be held accountable.' 

Global News Network, 13 February 2017
UK Durham Prison Authority Worries Over Charles Taylor's Phone Calls To Allies
By Cholo Brooks
'A recording of the alleged call, in which he reportedly advises his party members on tactics, was obtained by the Africa Confidential magazine, at the same time the UK Ministry of Justice said it does not comment on individual cases… Africa Confidential also reported that Taylor had been threatening politicians he opposes in other phone calls.'
allAfrica, 12 February 2017
Africa: CIA Blocks Trump's Africa Policy Pick – What Now?
By Reed Kramer and Tami Hultman
'Kansteiner could be tapped to be Undersecretary for Political Affairs,  the number four position (after the Secretary and two deputies), according to a speculative report earlier this month by the London-based newsletter Africa Confidential. If so, he would bring high-level government experience and expertise that the secretary himself lacks. But there are indications he has turned down a job offer, opting to remain with ExxonMobil based in London.'
By Esther Webber
'Ex-Liberian President Charles Taylor, jailed for war crimes, is reported to have phoned political allies from inside a UK maximum security prison… A recording of the alleged call, in which he reportedly advises his party members on tactics, was obtained by Africa Confidential magazine… Africa Confidential also reported that Taylor had been threatening politicians he opposes in other phone calls.'
Newsmax, 14 December 2016
Soros-Backed Group Leads Charge Against Tillerson From the Left
By John Gizzi
"Is Exxon Mobil's record in developing oil economies worse than Royal Dutch Shell's or ENI's or BPs?" asked Patrick Smith, editor of the much-read and influential Africa Confidential, "Probably not – they have more financial power and more weight to throw around."
But, Smith quickly added, "When a government says no, they back down. Let me give you the example of Exxon Mobil's efforts to buy their way into Ghana. The then government in Accra held firm after much lobbying and pressure… then Exxon Mobil backed down."

BBC News Africa, 9 December 2016
African Union leadership: Candidates hold debate
"Kenya is putting a lot of weight into it, it is calling in a lot of favours to get member countries to support her candidacy," Andrew Weir of Africa Confidential magazine, told Germany's Deutsche Welle.

Deutsche Welle, 8 December 2016
African Union chairperson: Who will become Africa's new leader?
By Daniel Pelz
'I imagine that Kenya for example has been making big promises to countries to support Amina Mohamed's candidacy", Andrew Weir, deputy editor of Africa Confidential magazine, told DW. "A country like Botswana would find it hard to do this kind of horse-trading, being a much smaller economy and being somewhat isolated down there in the south.'

Sudan Tribune, 15 November 2016
Sudan in the wake of a Trump victory
By Eric Reeves
'… the collapse of the economy, and hence the regime, is inevitable, even if the tipping point is still unclear. Africa Confidential recently reported on the ascendancy of "securocrats" within the regime, a clear sign that survivalist strategies are still defining domestic policies.'

The Star, 31 October 2016
Mozambique from Boom to Bust - A Cautionary Tale
By Aly Khan Saatchu
"Africa Confidential reported that Chancellor Angela Merkel asked President Nyusi when he met her in Berlin on 19 April 2016, 'Where is the money?' and also, 'Are you in charge?'"

New Zimbabwe, 7 July 2016
Biti says opposition is richer with nationalists and the war veterans
By Staff Reporter

Newsday, 6 July 2016
Zimcodd calls for official debt audit
By Veneranda Langa

The Herald, 6 July 2016
Zim in historic London conference
By Business Correspondent

New Zimbabwe, 5 July 2016
Chinamasa: Britain cannot wish Zimbabwe away
By Staff Reporter

Bulawayo24 News, 5 July 2016
Chinamasa claims to have been detained at Heathrow Airport in London
By Staff Reporter

Institute for Security Studies, 4 July 2016
Can the IMF really drag Zimbabwe out of its crisis?
By Liesl Louw-Vaudran, ISS Consultant

Nehanda Radio, 30 June 2016
Zimbabwean delegation to London faces protest
By Tatenda Dewa

Zimbabwe Vigil Diary, 26 June 2016
Zanu PF's London sales pitch
By Zim Vigil

The Post, 29 May 2016
Africa ripping itself off - Africa Confidential editor
By Edwin Mbulo
'"Africa produces minerals, oil, agricultural and gas but the critical problem is that the contracts negotiated with the outside world are underpriced. Africa is ripping itself off, and it's selling what it's got too cheaply. Why is that done? It's done because of corruption," Smith said.'

Institute for Security Studies, 20 April 2016
A turning point for Libya?
By Peter Fabricius, ISS Consultant
'The Libyan International Assistance Mission (LIAM) and the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) were already researching military intervention last month, according to the journal Africa Confidential. And Italy – the former colonial power which has been taking the lead in tackling the crisis – was openly talking up possible military intervention, according to Silvia Colombo, a Libya expert at the Institute of International Affairs in Rome.'

New York Times, 14 April 2016
Revelations From Panama Papers Are Old News for Africans
By Allan Cowell

Africa is "the continent worst hit by illicit financial flows," said Patrick Smith, the editor of Africa Confidential, a respected newsletter.'

IOL, 12 April 2016
The AU's easy route to peace
By Peter Fabricius

'He "claimed" only 60% of the vote, as Africa Confidential put it, adding dryly: "Sassou-Nguesso chose not to win by the 90%-and-over figure favoured by several AU leaders, but his score was still double those of the nearest rivals combined."

Ventures Africa, 11 April 2016
Gupta family has 'checked out' of South Africa
'Earlier in March, Africa Confidential reported that the Gupta brothers were in the process of leaving South Africa for good, due to the surrounding political wave against them. At the time, the Gupta's investment channel, Oakbay Investments, categorically denied that the family was going anywhere, threatening legal action against all publications that reported as such.'

ZITAMAR News, 4 April 2016
Mozambique 'tuna bond' scandal almost twice as big as thought – WSJ
'The WSJ quoted an anonymous source who said Proindicus borrowed $622 million to  fund th eprichase of navy ships and radar installations to protect against piracy. Africa Confidential has previously reported that Proindicus is owned by Mozambique's defence ministry and the secret servics, known as SISE. SISE is also a shareholder in EMATUM.'

CNBC Africa, 17 February 2016
Guptas respond to Africa Confidential Nenegate allegations
By Aviwe Mtila

'Was the Nenegate event of December 09th 2015- the Gupta family's hand at play in South African state affairs and a lunge to becoming the main beneficiaries of the Nuclear deal when Nuclear energy comes into play? That's the assertion being made by the London-based Africa Confidential publication and CNBC Africa is joined John Battersby, correspondent for Africa Confidential and former editor Sunday independent in South Africa joining us from the U.K.

Cape Talk, 15 February 2016
Gupta almost got a foothold at Treasury when JZ fired Nene - Africa Confidential
The Money Show's Bruce Whitfield interviewed John Battersby, Correspondent for Africa Confidential

'After firing Nhlanhla Nene, a day after President Jacob Zuma appointed David Van Rooyen as his replacement, the new Finance Minister arrived at National Treasury with two "unnamed advisors".

'This is according to London-based Africa Confidential which claims that the two advisors are the "Gupta allied" Mohamed Bobat and Ian Whitley.'

Financial Times, 12 February 2016
How to buy a foreign election
By Simon Kuper
'Like global south-to-south trade, south-to-south political funding is growing fast. China likes to help out African ruling parties, says Patrick Smith, editor of the Africa Confidential newsletter. Senior officials of the African National Congress (an entity ever harder to distinguish from the South African state) have long benefited from training at the Chinese Communist party's leadership academy in Pudong. Now the ANC is creating its own Chinese-inspired academy at home in Venterskroon. Possibly coincidentally, the ANC's head of research discovered in the course of a Chinese study tour last year that China has "opposition parties, whose role was to assist the government to govern" — a model for South Africa's "rowdy, noisy and disagreeable opposition", he added, in a newspaper opinion piece after the trip.'

Daily Maverick 25 January 2016
Ugandans decide – or do they?
By Simon Allison
"There are no prizes for predicting who wins Uganda's presidential election on 18 February. After 30 years in office and four victorious elections in the last 20 of them, President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni knows every trick in the book. Yet he's still taking no chances. Using state funds, intimidating and outlawing the opposition, and mobilising violent 'youth' are all part of the presidential armoury. All this comes on top of his National Resistance Movement (NRM)'s overwhelming control of the electoral process and its unparalleled ability to mobilise the grassroots," said Africa Confidential.

The Independent, 24 November 2015 
Diamond mining company Octea facing claims it owes money to Sierra Leone town and New York jeweller Tiffany 
By David Connett 
'With the tiny West African country already reeling from the effects of the Ebola outbreak as well as a collapse in commodity prices, Mines Minister Mikailu Mansaray was eager to discover whether Octea is going to continue mining. He has complained the company is no longer paying the government statutory social security payments for its employees, according to the newsletter Africa Confidential. In a letter quoted by the newsletter, Mr Mansaray warned he would take "necessary action within our legal rights… to cancel or not renew the existing [licence] and/or secure Octea's assets in lieu of the company's outstanding obligations".'

IOL, 22 November 2015
Mad man of Mali
By Peter Fabricius
'According to the journal Africa Confidential, the army has sub-contracted most of the fighting in the north to state-backed militias and French special forces which remain in the country. This is not a recipe for stability.

Zounmenou's pointed questions about whether Keita's government has learned any lessons from previous terrorist attacks are also pertinent in the light of growing doubt about the government's overall competence and integrity. Africa Confidential wrote last month that: "Donors have already expressed concern about the state's ability properly to manage and use e3.3 billion in aid that was pledged in 2013 in the aftermath of the French-African military intervention."

It added that the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development had begun scrutinising the Mali government's finances. "The scrutiny does not appear to be deterring influence-peddlers and corrupt officials, especially some close to the president."'

Foreign Affairs, 18 October 2015
Tunisia's Flawed Bank Bailout
By Nizar Manek
'Tunisian banking sector insiders calculate that the total bad loan portfolio for the three state banks (one state bank was not up for a bailout, and remains unaudited) is about 6.7 billion dinars ($3.4 billion). Meanwhile, then Finance Minister Hakim Ben Hammouda and other banking sources told the journal Africa Confidential late last year that these banks hold almost 5 billion dinars ($2.64 billion) in deposits.'

Al Jazeera, The Stream, 5 October 2015
CAR's forgotten crisis

BBC World Service World Business Report, 29 September 2015
Fears Over China Growth Weigh on Glencore
'We try to find out why shares of mining giant Glencore have been experiencing volatility. Investigative journalist Ken Silverstein, of Vice Magazine and Byline fills us in. And we assess the impact of Glencore's decision to shut down mines at some African sites, with analysis from Africa Confidential's Andrew Weir.'

Independent Online, 17 September 2015
Who is behind Burkina Faso coup?
By Peter Fabricius
'The journal Africa Confidential had warned in July that "the RSP's reluctance to accommodate itself to service without elite status or the privileged access to luxuries that characterised its life under Compaoré is causing deep concern. The Regiment sees itself as a legitimate protector of Burkina's political institutions but it is fuelling fear of a comeback by Compaoré or people very much like him."'

BBC Radio Scotland 17 September 2015
Bill Whiteford talks to Africa Confidential's Deputy Editor, Andrew Weir, about the coup in Burkina Faso. (Starting at 02:12:06)

Institute of Security Studies, 10 September 2015
MPLA rattled as Angola's oil price plummets
By Peter Fabricius, ISS Consultant

"[Journalist and activest Rafael Marques de Morais] said the UNITA leadership was not capitalising fully on the growing support for the party in Luanda, or on the rising popular discontent in the country. The journal Africa Confidential agreed, in a recent article, noting that UNITA's parliamentary team might at most move a motion of censure in the assembly against the arrest of the 15 youths, 'but it doesn't try to fuel mass protest. This caution, and sometimes co-option, has left space for a third force in which a younger generation makes the running.'"

Council on Foreign Relations, 9 September 2015
South Africa's Possible Presidential Successors
By John Campbell
'The view is widespread that Zuma's primary succession concern is to protect himself against prosecution for alleged corruption and to protect the wealth he has accumulated for the benefit of his children. According to Africa Confidential (August 28, 2015, vol. 56, no. 17), Zuma has concluded that Ramaphosa cannot or will not do this. Accordingly, Zuma is behind the recent ANC Women's League declaration that the next president of South Africa should be a woman.'

Mail & Guardian, 30 July 2015
Leading historian of Africa, Stephen Ellis, dies
Staff Reporter
'As editor of the subscription journal Africa Confidential in the late 1980s, [Stephen Ellis] reported the first account of the Umhonto weSizwe (MK) mutiny in Angola in 1984, based on inside information. He was subsequently editor of the British journal, African Affairs.'

African Arguments, 30 July 2015
Stephen Ellis
By Richard Dowden
'We first met when he waited to be interviewed for the editorship of the journal, Africa Confidential. I was disappointed not to get the job but when I realised who I had been up against I realised why. We became good friends and colleagues and worked on several stories together.'

Mail & Guardian, 19 June 2015
Al-Bashir's British spin doctor
By Sarah Evans
'[Eric] Reeves, on the other hand, has publicly questioned [David] Hoile and his council's funding. "Hoile has used a variety of organisations to give apparent substance to his interminable propaganda efforts," he wrote in 2001.

"In addition to the Espac, he also uses the name British-Sudan­ese Public Affairs Council and Westminster Associates. The latter is important because, as the authoritative Africa Confidential has revealed, the parliamentary register of interest lists the client of Westminster Associates as the Sudan government."'

Los Angeles Times, 15 June 2015
Sudan president flouts arrest warrant, returns home from South Africa
By Robyn Dixon
'…Patrick Smith, editor of the analytical journal Africa Confidential, said that although South Africa's position has changed, the [International Criminal Court] still has plenty of support in Africa from those who had witnessed abuses in Sudan, Congo, Kenya and other countries.

"I think that these farcical developments, with Omar al-Bashir putting in cameo appearances and then having to flee like a fugitive, don't do the court an awful lot of harm," he said. However, he added, "Why does South Africa remain a member of the court if it is not prepared to abide by its treaty obligations?"'

Egypt Independent, 28 May 2015
Report: Govt officials using state coffers as 'private piggy bank'
'A group of army generals and senior government officials are using almost 7,000 unaudited accounts in the Central Bank of Egypt and the country's state banks to stash at least US$9.4 billion in state funds to spend at their personal discretion, according to a lengthy exposé published in Africa Confidential with US-based foundation Angaza File.'

Private Eye, 1 May 2015
Letter from Freetown
From Our Own Correspondent
'More recently Africa Confidential published details of bank tranfers of $430,000 to Sam-Sumana's accounts by another US businessman over logging concessions that were never awarded. Sam-Sumana did not bother to comment.'

The Guardian,  29 April 2015
Sudan repression continues after Omar al-Bashir election win, says rights group
By Mark Anderson
'"By saying the elections weren't free and fair, [western governments] are actually saying the government is no longer legitimate by implication, which is very strong stuff in their terms," said Gillian Lusk, associate editor of Africa Confidential.'

The Guardian Nigeria,  20 April 2015
MD Yusufu: The courage to be
By Patrick Wilmot
'On his visits [to London], we checked bookshops, sometimes rare ones, not Harrods for designer gear. I always saved him copies of Africa Confidential and Private Eye, and bought him fresh dates when these were in season.'

LA Times, 1 April 2015
Nigeria president-elect's stern side now an asset, not a liability
By Robyn Dixon
'But the reason he personified hope for many Nigerians, said Patrick Smith, editor of the authoritative journal Africa Confidential, was that his ascetic, strict persona stood in stark contrast to Jonathan's.

The administration of Jonathan, the first president from the southeast, was all about favors and contracts for the "home boys" from his region, Smith said.

"I think this is one of the more promising aspects to [Buhari's] government. He's more than anything a nationalist. I don't think he's going to say all the contracts are going to Katsina," said Smith, referring to Buhari's home state. "He's not going to let these people run all over him."'

VICE News, 1 April 2015
Can a 72-Year-Old Former Military Dictator Bring Nigerians the Change They Have Voted For?
By Oscar Rickett
'Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential and an experienced Nigeria analyst, told VICE News that the current mood of jubilation in the country  was redolent of that night: "People were shaking hands and saying 'Happy new year, happy new government'".'

This Day Live,  10 February 2015
Leaked Files Link Abdulsalami Abubakar, Chris Garba to $182m Halliburton Bribery Scandal
Davidson Iriekpen with agency report
'Africa Confidential magazine previously named a company, Hemisphere Services (Nigeria), as a "recipient of largesse" from [Jeffrey] Tesler after viewing documents disclosed to the magazine during a French corruption investigation.'

Zimbabwe Daily, 9 January 2015
Turncoat Banda upsets Zambian politics
'According to a recent Africa Confidential report, Hichilema, a former managing partner in accounting firm Grant Thornton, is respected by business. He played a key role in the privatisation of the country's mines. But he is excoriated by the trade unions.'

Washington Post, 30 November 2014
Sudan embraces genocide, terrorism — and Iran 
By Eric Reeves
'Though little noticed in the West, the revelation instantly attracted considerable interest in the Arab world, and the evidence that the minutes are authentic is substantial. The highly authoritative Africa Confidential has judged them so, as has former prime minister Sadiq al-Mahdi, who still enjoys extraordinary contacts within the government. Notably, senior regime officials have not denied outright the document's authenticity.'

iOL, 8 July 2014
Kenyatta's game a risky one
By Peter Fabricius
'The security services reportedly ignored intelligence warnings of the Mpeketoni attacks and the journal Africa Confidential writes there have been hints of collusion between the intelligence services and al-Shabaab.'

Radio Dabanga, 6 July 2014
'Sudan's military industry expanding': Small Arms Survey
The Safat Aviation complex, 20 km north of Khartoum in Karari, opened in 2005. It includes centres and factories specialised in aircraft maintenance and the installation of aircraft parts. According to Africa Confidential, Safat also manufactures unmanned aerial vehicles with Iranian assistance.

SW Radio Africa, 18 June 2014
Marange diamond region hit by 'panic and uncertainty'
By Alex Bell
'According to a recent report by Africa Confidential, Mbada is set to be the "last miner standing" and would ultimately be a joint venture with the ZANU PF government.

"But we hear that the biggest private share may already be in the process of transferring to President Robert Mugabe's wife, Grace Mugabe," Africa Confidential reported.

Africa Confidential said that "Grace and her three children, rather than the President, are the beneficiaries of a 50% stake in Mbada," according to two independent sources from the financial sector and an airline official who has worked with the President's new son-in-law, Simba Chikore.

BBC News, 8 May 2014
Have Boko Haram over-reached themselves?
By Frank Gardner
'It is clear then, that unless – and this is extremely unlikely – this is a macabre plan ordered by al-Qaeda's leaders that has backfired spectacularly, Boko Haram are acting independently and following their own local agenda.

But Gill Lusk of the Africa Confidential newsletter argues that it has not necessarily been a disaster for the group.

Although kidnapping innocent schoolgirls might look counter-productive, the aim of al-Qaeda linked movements is not primarily to be popular, she says, "but to further their politico-religious aims through terrorism, as we saw when Boko Haram attacked the United Nations headquarters in the Nigerian capital, Abuja," in 2011.

"The school attack has given the jihadist militia worldwide publicity and from its point of view, that is a huge success," Ms Lusk told the BBC.'

SW Radio Africa, 2 April 2014
Corruption riddled ZMDC gets new board
By Alex Bell
'[I]n November last year, a report by the news and analysis website Africa Confidential named the former MMCZ board chair, Chris Mutsvangwa, as being a key architect of arms-for-minerals deals with Russia and China. Mutsvangwa, who was the former Zimbabwe ambassador to China, is now the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs.'

Pambazuka News, 19 March 2014
Khartoum: Really out of the terrorism business?
By Eric Reeves
"The broadest and most authoritative picture was provided by Africa Confidential, and much of what was said over a decade ago remains true today:

'The N[ational I[slamic] F[ront] political and security apparatus is intact, as are the NIF's and the international Islamists' control of the economy. Many of those running terrorist training are still in security and ministerial jobs. So, well informed Sudanese doubt that the NIF will hand much of value to U.S. investigators. The NIF is as Islamist as its friends Usama and the Taliban. This regime believes in what it does. Any concession is intended only to protect the greater cause. Secondly, any major betrayal would be suicidal, just as dangerous as holding free elections.' (Africa Confidential, Volume 42, No. 19, September 28, 2001)"

BBC Radio 4 – The World Tonight, 20 February 2014
President Goodluck Jonathan suspends Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Lamido Sanusi 
Patrick Smith talks to David Eades:
'Many people see [Lamido Sanusi] in Nigeria as something of a crusader against corruption. so there's a big gap between the perceptions put forward by the Presidency and the perceptions of many people in Nigeria and most of the outside world.' (at 36:05)

Lusomonitor, 17 December 2013
Graça Machel, viúva de Mandela, futura presidente de Moçambique?
By Marta Silva
'A notícia do Africa Confidential de que "aumentam as vozes que pedem que Graça Machel se candidate a presidente" vem no contexto da morte recente do seu marido, Nelson Mandela. Graça Machel, moçambicana, já pertence à Frelimo desde 1969, quando se juntou à luta clandestina contra a ocupação portuguesa. Posteriormente, e a partir do primeiro governo da independência, foi Ministra da Educação durante 14 anos.'

SW Radio Africa, 12 December 2013
Questions surround dissolution of Zim mining boards
By Alex Bell
'...earlier this month, a report by the news and analysis website Africa Confidential named the former MMCZ board chair, Chris Mutsvangwa, as being a key architect of arms-for-minerals deals with Russia and China. Mutsvangwa, who was the former Zimbabwe ambassador to China, is now the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs.'

SW Radio Africa, 5 December 2013 
ZANU PF accused of trading mineral wealth for arms
By Alex Bell
'A detailed report by the news and analysis website Africa Confidential has claimed that "choice mining concessions," including concessions rich in platinum and gold, were handed to China and Russia in exchange for weapons.'

BBC Radio 5 live - 5 live Drive, 2 December 2013
France says more than 200 of its troops have arrived in the Central African Republic
Andrew Weir talks to Jonathan Overend
'Central African Republic is not a place that's had a lot of staility for several decades. It is in a very weak state and when the least insurgency or rebellion or separatist movement comes about it tends to fall apart.' (About 48.45 minutes in).

Nyasa Times, 25 November 2013 
Malawi to dump the West, head East over aid freeze
By Nyasa Times Reporter
'In a report published by the authoritative Africa Confidential, an aide to President Joyce Banda is quoted saying donors decision to withhold aid does not make sense, accusing the West of acting like social media activists.'

Mail & Guardian, 15 November 2013 
Angola: President's son dips into sovereign fund for 'trophy' Savile Row office
By Aristides Cabeche 
'Africa Confidential reported that Plaza Global Real Estate had bought the property in question, a 9 570m2 office block at 23 Savile Row. It remarked that the purchase had "caused some surprise, since half of Angola's population lives below the poverty line and its human development indicators are among the world's worst".'

ch-aviation, 29 October 2013
Air Zimbabwe courts Nicholas Van Hoogstraten for $15million
'Air Zimbabwe (UM, Harare Int'l) has reportedly approached controversial British property mogul, Nicholas Van Hoogstraten, for USD15million to help boost its coffers. According to Africa Confidential, the funds are to be used to enable the Zimbabwean national carrier to resume its Harare Int'l to London Gatwick route, abandoned in early 2012 after creditors moved to seize the airline's B767-200(ER)s.'

The Independent, 25 October 2013
'Beelzebub' property baron bids to rescue African airline
By Jim Armitage
'Africa Confidential reported last night that he [Nicholas van Hoogstraten] was being courted to lend at least $15m ($9.3m) to Air Zimbabwe for it to fly new routes in an effort to put its mothballed planes back to work. Air Zimbabwe went bust last year but partially resumed flights in the spring of this year.'

ABC News, 8 October 2013
A Look at Eritrea, an Isolated African Nation
By Rodney Muhumuza
'People are "desperate to escape" a military in which conditions are said to be "dreadful," making conscription into the armed forces one of the main reasons young Eritreans flee, said Andrew Weir, deputy editor of a Britain-based publication called Africa Confidential. Eritrea is austere and highly repressive, according to Weir. A well-known route for some migrants from Africa is via the Red Sea and Sinai, where people fall victim to human trafficking, he said.'

Channel 4 News, 3 October 2013
Gambia leaves the Commonwealth. So what?
'Andy Weir, deputy editor of Africa Confidential, believes there is a political dimension to the latest move.

"I would speculate that somebody in the Commonwealth has made some sort of demarche to Gambia's president, Yahya Jammeh, on his human rights situation, and he may have decided to get his retaliation first," he told Channel 4 News.

"He's already under pressure from Britain and the EU on human rights.

"He's an out-and-out populist, even though he runs what's not normally called a democracy. This may be an attempt to keep himself in the headlines."'

The Washington Post, 24 September 2013
Kenya mall attack follows internal power struggle won by hard-liners among Somali terrorists
Associated Press
'Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential newsletter, called the mall attack "very al-Qaida-esque" and likened it to the 2008 assaults on luxury hotels in Mumbai, India, "sending the message to the rich, the elite, the diplomats that 'You're never safe, we can get to you.'"'

Voice of Russia UK, 6 September 2013
Kenya eyes exit from ICC
VoR talks to Andrew Weir
'Obviously it is significant that a signatory country to the Rome Statute should chose to opt out of it, but in a way the vote in Parliament in Kenya is not that surprising... The majority of MPs in the Kenyan Parliament belong to the party of the President and the Vice-President... and they are voting in a way that their leaders wish them to which is not really very surprising. It doesn't make a great deal of difference, in fact. It is certainly not going to stop the trials going from ahead.'

Reuters, 30 August 2013
Grand Kenya port plan faces headwinds despite oil finds 
By Drazen Jorgic
'But Nairobi needs to make a more careful case to secure funding and may need to focus on the oil side of the plans.

"A lot of the elaborate elements of the project are not going to reach fruition," Africa Confidential editor Patrick Smith said. "On the core oil terminals, I think they'll struggle but I think they'll get the money for it."

Some say Kenya must make a clearer case for creating a new container port over expanding and upgrading Mombasa.'

Bloomberg, 28 August 2013
Angola's Dos Santos to Extend Rule as Proteges Founder
By Colin McClelland
'Bornito Baltazar Diogo de Sousa, territorial administration minister, and Manuel Jose Nunes Junior, a member of parliament, as well as Nando are potential successors as are Antonio Paulo KassomaPitra Neto and Joao Lourenco, London-based Africa Confidential reported in July, citing an unidentified party member.'

Vatican Radio, 13 August 2013
Over 40 shot dead at Nigerian mosque by suspected Boko Haram gunmen: What's behind this latest attack?
Charles Moré talks to Susy Hodges
Moré 'told Susy Hodges that local civilian vigilante groups who have sprung up to help the military in its campaign against Boko Haram were seen as the main targets of this attack... Moré believes it was "inevitable" that these new vigilante groups would eventually "emerge as targets" for Boko Haram militants, especially as they've received "a lot of support" from the government.'

BBC Radio 4 – The World Tonight, 5 August 2013
Mugabe may have won the political argument but he's failed to win the economic one and that's where the problems will start
Patrick Smith talks to Carolyn Quinn
"Certainly ZANU-PF is going to be under great presure itself to deliver on all the promise it has been giving to voters." (About 35 minutes in).

The Telegraph, 29 July 2013
Robert Mugabe's banker, the Zimbabwe oil deal and payments to children called Pride, Praise and Passion
By David Blair
"At the same time that Ravenscourt and its partners were supplying the Reserve Bank with almost five per cent of Zimbabwe's annual fuel consumption, the company was paying money into the accounts of Mr Gono's children, according to bank statements obtained by Global Witness, a campaign group, following investigation by Africa Confidential, the specialist newsletter."

Los Angeles Times, 25 June 2013
Obama's Africa visit will take him to a changed continent
By Robyn Dixon and Kathleen Hennessey
"All of a sudden, Africa is suddenly very high up on the Asian and European radar screens, and I think it's beginning to appear on the U.S. radar screen, because American companies are realizing that there are 1.1 billion people and Nigeria is going to have a bigger population than America in 20 years," said Patrick Smith, editor of the analytical journal Africa Confidential.

"I have heard a lot of African leaders saying, 'Where is America?' They're saying: 'Where is the West? Surely we've moved up on the radar screen?' I think there's a feeling, 'Why aren't they spending much time here?'"

The Guardian, 3 June 2013
Mali election could do more harm than good
By Jamie Bouverie
'More recently, on 10 May, Africa Confidential argued that Mali had scarcely begun to prepare for elections.

The main logistical challenge is that hundreds of thousands of Malians are currently displaced, either internally or in neighbouring countries. This makes voter registration a formidable task, and there is little evidence to suggest that the government will be able to ensure that these people are able to vote.'

Council on Foreign Reltions, 16 May 2013
Kenya and the ICC
By John Campbell
'Kenya, the International Criminal Court (ICC) and, by extension, the international community currently face the dilemma of dealing with a president and a deputy president, freely and fairly elected (more or less; many questions remain) that are charged with crimes against humanity associated with 2007 election bloodshed. Africa Confidential has an excellent review of the current state of play.'

Reuters, 3 April 2013
Western envoys to attend ICC-indictee Kenyatta's inauguration
By Edmund Blair
'Analysts said Western businesses may also put pressure on their governments to avoid losing their foothold in Kenya or to prevent any harm coming to investment plans in a nation that could be at the center of an oil and gas boom in east Africa.

"That is why Europe is back pedaling a bit," said Patrick Smith of Africa Confidential, a fortnightly journal. He added that handling ties with Kenyatta's government "is going to be a real test of diplomatic and commercial skills."'

BBC Radio 4 – The World Tonight, 29 March 2013
A UN peacekeeping force in DRC gets an "offensive" mandate for the first time
Patrick Smith talks to David Eades: "I think it can make a difference if it has the resources to do the job." (Around 8 minutes in).

Reuters, 11 March 2013
Analysis: Western states walk diplomatic tight-rope over Kenyatta win
By Edmund Blair
"It is extremely problematic for the West partly because several Western officials inserted themselves into the Kenyan election campaign and made pretty clear they thought Kenyans should not vote for Kenyatta," said Africa Confidential editor Patrick Smith. "That triggered ... the opposite response." 

Reuters, 1 March 2013
Preview: Kenya braces for repeat of election bloodshed
By Edmund Blair
'"Many people are saying they don't think Kenyans are going to be suckered into another round of clashes led by the political elite," said Africa Confidential editor Patrick Smith.

"But at the end of the day this is a bare-knuckle, brutal contest in which the stakes have rarely been higher," he said.' 

BBC Mundo, 13 February 2013
¿Milagro africano o nueva rapiña colonial?
By Marcelo Justo
'Sin embargo, el subdirector de la revista especializada Africa Confidential, Andrew Weir, alerta que no es la primera vez que se vive este optimismo.

"Las compañías energéticas, China y el sector financiero están viendo grandes oportunidades. El tema es que África ya ha vivido esto. La pregunta clave es a quién beneficia y de qué modo contribuye al desarrollo", señaló Weir a BBC Mundo.'

The New York Times, 11 February 2013
France Takes a Step Back in Its History
By Alan Cowell
'"We face a threat that concerns the entire world," Mr. Hollande told the United Nations in September.

That assessment, said Patrick Smith, the editor of a London-based newsletter, Africa Confidential, has spread a "geopolitical patina" over the "very, very local" mistakes and miscalculations in Mali and elsewhere.' 

VICE, 22 January 2013
Is this the century of Africa's rise?
By Oscar Rickett
'The problem, though, is that most of this wealth is extractive. There is, as Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, told me, a "lack of value added on the African side." "The energy companies are seeing massive domestic demand from Asia and they are capitalizing on that," he said.'

The Guardian, 14 January 2013
Mali conflict: France has opened gates of hell, say rebels
By Afua Hirsch and Kim Willsher
Patrick Smith: "There is a genuine fear that these people could come from north Mali and set off bombs on the Champs Elysées."

BBC Radio 4 – The World Tonight, 11 January 2013
French troops are taking part in operations against Islamists in northern Mali
Patrick Smith, talks to David Eades: 'French security forces worry about Jihadi elements coming into France.'

The Observer, 27 October 2012
The man who could determine whether the west is drawn into Mali's war
By Peter Beaumont
'Patrick Smith of the Africa Confidential newsletter, who was in Paris after the MNLA delegation, believes Ag Ghaly will be offered a choice. "There's a growing desire to reach out to him to say you can ally with us and help work out a deal for a decentralised north. If not, it's war and you'll end up on a list with other al-Qaida-associated leaders wondering when a drone is coming for you."'

Council on Foreign Relations, 24 October 2012
ANC Party Politics and the Upcoming Convention
By John Campbell
'The ANC candidates for presidency and vice presidency can count on support from most of the country's black population, making victory for its nominees in national elections almost a foregone conclusion. Africa Confidential has published an excellent primer on the current state of play inside the ANC.'

Council on Foreign Relations, 11 October 2012
Nigeria's Economic Reforms in Trouble?
By John Campbell
'Africa Confidential published on October 5, a clear-eyed analysis of the challenges facing Nigeria's economic reformers and concludes that those blocking reform "are winning hands down."  Central Bank Governor Lamido Sanusi states publicly that oil theft is massive and organized. He also questions whether, in fact, the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) actually knows how much oil is produced–NNPC says 2.7 million barrels a day.'

The Economist, 5 October 2012
Sierra Leone: Presidential calculations
'In July, an American businessman posted a vituperative open letter on the internet accusing Mr Sam Sumana of failing to repay loans worth thousands of dollars. The following month Africa Confidential reported accusations that Mr Sam Sumana had diverted commercial investments into campaign funds for the ruling All People's Congress (APC) party before the last presidential election in 2007.'

Reuters 10 September 2012
Analysis - Pressure from below strains Angola MPLA monolith
"The social inequity is only matched by the political inequity," said Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, the respected newsletter analysing the continent.

"I don't see where the model is going. The system looks after the elite, but that's all ... there is a huge question mark about the political future," he added.'

Los Angeles Times, 21 August 2012
Ethiopian officials: No major change after Meles Zenawi's death
'Patrick Smith, editor of the analytical journal Africa Confidential, predicted that Ethiopia's military and ruling party leadership would not change tack on hitting Islamic extremists hard.

"They're absolutely agreed that Ethiopia should be in Somalia and they should go in and out of Somalia when they feel like it. And that is not going to change with Meles' death," he said.'

Bloomberg, 25 July 2012
Ghana's ruling party seeks unity after President's death
By Mike Cohen, Franz Wild and Ekow Dontoh
"You have sentiment, you have the renewal factor, and Mills was clearly extremely ill," Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa Confidential, said today by phone from Paris. "Mahama is young, has a lot of energy and is very good with the media."

Business Day, 26 June 2012
Royal Bafokeng may see red soon
By David Gleason
'Africa Confidential (June 22) claims the Guinean government's decision to "shut down a bid by South African businessmen who wield high-level political connections to run its national mining company follows growing pressure from international financial institutions and multinational mining companies". The magazine names Hennig and Mark Willcox as two of the key South Africans linked to the plan.'

BBC News Magazine, 13 June 2012
Spain is not Uganda. Discuss.
'Patrick Smith, editor of newsletter Africa Confidential: "[The text message] connotes old-fashioned European thinking from almost the 19th Century, that there are all these different worlds within the world and Africa is out there, completely cut off and bumbling along. If you go to Africa today, there's a lot of people, many of them European, touting for business, trying to get in on the economic growth. The claimed unemployment figure of 4.2% seems extremely low - most countries in the region are recording unemployment at 15-20% and youth unemployment at 30-40%. But it's a developing economy and an entirely different ballgame from Europe, which is like the geriatric continent trying to manage old age gracefully, whereas Africa is young and growing fast."'

Foreign Policy, May/June 2012
A giant among giants
By Ken Silverstein
[Glencore] 'recently announced a $90 billion takeover of Xstrata, a global mining giant in which it already holds a 34 percent stake; if the deal goes through, Glencore will rule over an "empire stretching from the Sahara to South Africa," as the Africa Confidential newsletter put it.'

Council on Foreign Relations, 29 May 2012
"Africa Day" in South Africa and President Jacob Zuma's rivals
By John Campbell
'Looking toward the December ANC party convention in December, Africa Confidential is running a story on Zuma's likely challengers for president of the party. It credibly identifies: Cyril Ramaphosa, an architect of the 1994 transition and now a business tycoon; Kglama Motlanthe, the sitting vice president; and Tokyo Sexwale, now a minister and former premier of Gauteng (Johannesburg.)'

African Aguments, 28 May 2012
Take a holiday in Somaliland: Journey to the state that isn't
By Magnus Taylor
'A more concrete example is provided by Africa Confidential, which recently reported that the Hong Kong oil company PetroTrans is likely to pull out of investing in the port of Berbera, having been unable to obtain insurance for the Liquified Natural Gas plant it was to build. The plant was to link up gas fields in Ethiopia's Ogaden region with export facilities on the coast, and will now see Somaliland lose out to its tiny, but strategically important neighbour Djibouti.'

Sudan Tribune, 25 May 2012
Darfur in the still deepening shadow of lies
By Eric Reeves
'The leaked report, which deeply offended both Russia and China with its frank account of their massive violations of the Darfur arms embargo, was first reported by Africa Confidential on April 13, 2012; AC summarized its assessment of the report by noting that "the Darfur crisis, far from winding down as Khartoum and some press reports suggest, is worsening, with new incidents of ethnic cleansing, arms deliveries and aerial bombing." The report had been submitted to the UN in January 2012.' 

Foreign Policy, 18 May 2012
Remember General Dabi?
By Colum Lynch
'As a senior aide to president Omar al-Bashir, Dabi was assigned the task last year of shepherding a panel of U.N. experts charged with monitoring the enforcement of U.N. sanctions in Darfur, according to a leaked report by the panel.

'The report, which was first published by Africa Confidential last month, provides a detailed account of how Dabi and his associates thwarted the U.N. Security Council panel's efforts to investigate abuses of a U.N. travel ban and arms embargo'  

Reuters, 13 May 2012
Analysis: Nigeria president unlikely to risk oil graft crackdown
By Joe Brock
'"I don't think we're going to see high level officials in jail ... that would imply his regime had imploded," said Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential.'

Foreign Policy, 7 May 2012
The silence in Sudan
By Colum Lynch
'A group of three former U.N. experts, meanwhile, recently wrote a confidential report claiming that the U.N. mission in Darfur has minimized critical reporting of government abuses, downplaying a series of attacks against the Zaghawa tribe last year that displaced 70,000 people, and which amounted to ethnic cleansing.'

Foreign Policy, 30 April 2012
What's the point of U.N. sanctions in Darfur when even the U.N. flouts them?
By Colum Lynch
'The Tek episode is simply one nugget buried away in a confidential 80-plus page report, first reported by Africa Confidential, that documents systematic violations of a six-year-old U.N. arms embargo, travel ban, and asset freeze, imposed on Khartoum and rebel leaders in an effort to contain the violence in Sudanese province.'

The Insider, 29 April 2012
Masiyiwa says Jonathan Moyo and Ibbo Mandaza are former CIO
'Masiyiwa said he was "intrigued" by the rumours of a "united front" political movement, but was extremely cautious.

'He also denied that he had funded or supported the "united front" and said that he personally called Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, to complain about the story linking him to the new movement.'

Popbitch, March 2012
Kony 2012
In 2008 the Americans helped the Ugandans launch a massive surprise attack on Kony. Kony escaped at the last minute. Well, I expect he used some kind of weird African juju.
Or a Nokia.
Because the Ugandan army LEAKED THE INFORMATION THEY WERE COMING so he could escape in time. It's not me saying this, it's the most respected source in African journalism, Africa Confidential Vol 52 – N° 23. [USA joins fight against LRA]

Reuters, 16 January 2012
UPDATE 1-Nigeria: will it fall apart or can it hold?
[Goodluck Jonathan is] "eerily calm considering we could be weeks away from a major confrontation," said Africa Confidential editor Patrick Smith. "The absolute failure ... to wheel on southerners and northerners at the same time to say this is a national crisis and we have to pull together, is striking."

BBC Newshour, 14 January 2012
Suicide bomb kills Basra pilgrims; elections in Taiwan; and special focus on Nigeria
Africa Confidential's editor Patrick Smith speaks to Julian Marshall in the special focus on Nigeria.

Sudan Tribune, 31 December 2011
A Timeline for Catastrophe: Sudan's continuing slide toward war
By Eric Reeves
Africa Confidential (November 19, 2010) reports the view of Dinka Ngok civil society: "Mbeki was basically telling the Ngok that the Abyei Protocol and PCA boundaries must all be renegotiated because the Misseriya wouldn't budge, [said one prominent member of Abyei civil society]."

Vanguard, 29 December 2011
Away from home this Christmas
By Is' haq Modibbo Kawu
'...Africa Confidential... described the "staggering sum" as "a Boko Haram campaign bonanza for the generals and private security companies"...'

Reuters, 13 December 2011
S.Leone's "Timbergate" threatens president poll bid
'The journal Africa Confidential published an article on Nov. 18 criticising the ACC's decision earlier this year to settle a major case involving the social security agency out of court, rather than seeking prosecutions.'

Financial Times, 22 November 2011
Delta militants: Locals see the benefits of an end to hostilities
By Christopher Thompson
Patrick Smith, editor of Africa Confidential, says: "One of the functions of the militias was to lead the charge for the area's politicians, so some fighters could get dragged into the political competition."

BBC News Africa, 7 October 2011
Q&A: Cameroon presidential elections
Africa Confidential's editor Patrick Smith says that critics are rare in Cameroon and are soon silenced.

iMaverick/All Africa Global Media, 16 September 2011
Stability, snakes and salacious gossip – a Zambian election preview [analysis]
'As Africa Confidential explained: "Food and fuel prices are Sata's main targets, as is the increasing Asian commercial presence. Such was the virulence of his 2006 campaign that Chinese ambassador Li Baodong threatened to cut ties if Sata won."'

Voice of America, 12 September 2011
Zimbabwe Advances Modestly in Global Competitiveness Rankings
Africa Confidential editor Patrick Smith said Zimbabwe has a distance to go to become globally competitive though the economy is "a lot more predictable and disciplined" so from a big-company standpoint "that means the business climate is much more benign."

Business Day, 8 September 2011
Gaddafy and the OAU – Thirty years ago
Kaye Whiteman writes: 'My old friend the late Hon. Godfrey Morrison, at one time editor of Africa Confidential, who was with me reporting on the failed OAU Tripoli summit Mark 2 of November 1982, used to refer to the Libyan leader as a "drama queen," a reference, perhaps, to the thrill derived from playing a central role, no matter what the cost. It was the same frantic and intemperate quality that prevented him from being taken seriously as a successor to Nasser in the Arab world, or to Nkrumah in Africa.'

Channel 4 News, 7 September 2011
Gaddafi not the only victim of Libya's revolution
'Andy Weir, associate editor of Africa Confidential, told Channel 4 News: "South African President Jacob Zuma feels a strong loyalty towards Gadaffi. He's led delegations to Tripoli when they were trying to negotiate out of the crisis.'

The Nation, 7 September 2011
Blowback in Somalia
The Somali government has portrayed this as a military victory and has declared the beginning of the end of the group. However, "These assessments owe more to wishful thinking than reality," according to an analysis published in the well-respected journal Africa Confidential.

BBC Newsnight, 24 August 2011
Risk Islamists will move in to fill Libya power vacuum
Colonel Moammar el Gaddafi claimed that if he was ousted from power Islamist radicals would seize control of Libya. Patrick Smith speaks to Newsnight's Robin Denselow about whether he is likely to be proven right or wrong.

BBC, 16 August 2011
Solomon Mujuru: Obituary of a Zimbabwean 'king-maker'
"He had all the mystique of a liberation war hero that has served him to present-day politics," Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based Africa Confidential magazine, told the BBC's Focus on Africa programme.

TIME Magazine, 1 June 2011
Death, Prison or Exile: Gadaffi Is Out of Options
"My understanding is that they would be delighted if he did a duck," Smith says.

234Next.com, 31 May 2011
Africa lures investors, but is it ready?

Cocorioko, 26 May 2011
Africa Confidential's mischief-making enterprise in reporting Sierra Leone's Golden Jubilee
The view from the pro-All People's Congress website Cocorioko

Christian Science Monitor, 17 May 2011
Election in Sudan's Southern Kordofan marred by disputed result
By Amanda Hsiao, Guest blogger

Los Angeles Times 11 May 2011
NATO expects Kadafi's regime to eventually collapse
By Henry Chu

The Huffington Post, 28 April 2011
The Bloody Sideshow in Sudan
Journalist and human rights activist Rebecca Tinsley reports

BBC News Magazine, 14 April 2011
What happens to deposed leaders?
'The creation of the International Criminal Court in 1998 narrowed the number of countries that would accept a deposed leader, says Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa Confidential.'

BBC News – Today, 7 April 2011
'Complete breakdown' in Ivory Coast
AC's Patrick Smith talks about the crisis the country faces now

BBC World Service,  4 April 2011
World Have Your Say, 1800 GMT
AC's Patrick Smith joins a panel of experts to discuss the situation in Côte d'Ivoire

BBC News, 4 April 2011
The historical background: Ivory Coast's deline into conflict
AC's Patrick Smith joins the BBC's Allan Little to look at how the once prosperous Ivory Coast declined from being an African success story, to a county mired in civil war.

McClatchy Newspapers, 4 April 2011
Gadhafi finds that money can't buy friends in Africa
By Shashank Bengali

Financial Times, 21 March 2011
Madagascar Oil to freeze contracts
By Christopher Thompson and David Blackwell

Daily Monitor, 13 March 2011
Creating African dynasties
In the past 10 years, four sons have succeeded their fathers directly as presidents. For others, it hasn't been easy, writes Mwaura Samora

guardian.co.uk Poverty Matters Blog, 8 February 2011
Sudan should learn the emerging lessons of Egypt
Posted by Peter Moszynski
Africa's largest country is about to be split into two, and there is much that needs to be done politically, economically – and, above all, democratically

GNTV, 7 January 2011
The bottom line: Patrick Smith
Buchi Madu
speaks to Patrick Smith, Editor of Africa Confidential, about Niger Delta issues and how they could impact the presidential elections in May.

BBC Focus on Africa, 23 December 2010
End of Year Quiz
If you missed this on the radio, tune in online to Ahmed Rajab, Robin White, Joseph Warungu and our very own Patrick Smith being put through their paces by Veronique Edwards

Resonance FM, 25 November 2010
Africa Confidential's Billie McTernan on Talking Africa audio clip

Christian Science Monitor, 23 November 2010
Ahead of Sudan referendum, north and south are arming a border region
One of the most critical places for the Sudan referendum is Abyei, a border region that has to decide whether to join the north or south. Expecting a confrontation, both sides are arming the area.

Daily Monitor, 29 October 2010
Government seizes pro-Besigye book
Government officials have seized a consignment of books that largely profile opposition leader Dr Kizza Besigye's challenge to President Museveni in the 2001 and 2006 general elections. The book titled: "The Correct Line? Uganda under Museveni" is authored by Dr Olive Kobusingye, a surgeon.

The Zimbabwean, 20 October 2010
Army firm in FARC arms scandal
Zimbabwe Defence Industries (ZDI) has been sucked into the arms trafficking scandal involving rogue Ecuadorian bishop Walter Crespo, amid allegations that the shadowy Zimbabwean army-run company supplied some of the weapons smuggled by Crespo to Colombian rebels.

Channel 4 News, 3 August 2010
Human rights fears over 'undemocratic' Rwandan poll
As Rwandans prepare to vote in only the second post-genocide presidential elections, Human Rights Watch tells Channel 4 News laws intended to prevent another slaughter have instead been used to suppress free speech.

Foreign Policy,26 February 2010
Guinea's junta hires ex-war crimes prosecutors - and gets a favorable report
Two former war-crimes specialists were recently hired as consultants for Guinea's military junta after it was accused of massacring civilians - and produced a secret report downplaying the violence.

The Huffington Post, 25 January 2010
Can Sudan marriage be save

RFI, 7 April 2010
AC's Gill Lusk talks to RFI's Michel Arsenault audio clip

World Socialist Website, 24 February 2010
Military coup in Niger

The military have carried out a coup in the West African state of Niger, ousting incumbent President Mamadou Tandja in this former French colony. According to a BBC report, troops burst into a cabinet meeting being held in the presidential palace on Thursday, February 18.

The Guardian, 10 January 2010
Violence, fear and confusion: welcome to the Horn of Africa

In Yemen, Somalia and beyond, the lawless, strife-torn region has provided disturbing evidence that its myriad problems cannot be ignored – and that the west must see the connections between them all.

BBC World Service Africa, December 2009
The Africa Video Quiz 2009

How much do you remember of the past year in Africa? Regular Focus on Africa quiz contestants, Ahmed Rajab, Cameron Duodu, Patrick Smith and Robin White join quiz mistress, Veronique Edwards to pose the questions.

Radio Netherlands Wordwide, 7 December 2009
Politicians arrested after Khartoum protest

NRC Handelsblad, 25 November 2009
VN-rapport: Vredesmissie maakt crisis in Congo erger

De Standard, 25 November 2009
Offensief VN-missie Congo mislukt'

The Times, 12 November 2009
China and India engaged in 21st century 'scramble for Africa'

The Observer, 8 November 2009
Simon Mann, freed dog of war, is demanding justice

After more than five years in jail, the British mercenary is seeking vengeance on others he says were part of the failed 'Wonga Coup' – including Mark Thatcher. By Tracy McVeigh, Rajeev Syal and Patrick Smith

National Public Radio, 5 November 2009
A real-life government coup made for TV
Listen to the interview
 audio clip
Simon Mann
was granted amnesty on Wednesday by the government of Equatorial Guinea. This is the same government that he attempted to overthrow in a coup plot that went awry in 2004. Mann was sentenced to 34 years in prison though he only served 15 months before returning home to Britain yesterday. Host Michel Martin talks with Patrick Smith, Editor of Africa Confidential, about the coup plot and the legacy of Simon Mann.

Interview with Massimo Alberizzi of Corriere della Sera on the ousting of President Marc Ravalomanana in Madagascar, 17 March 2009  
Madagascar: I militari sono divisi. Si rischia il bagno di sangue

SW Radio Africa, 2 March 2009
Zimbabwe's Fuel Scam

BBC News, 6 January 2009
What lies ahead for Africa in 2009?

Harper's Magazine, 30 September 2008
Cheney Watch: Halliburton Bribery Investigation proceeding in UK and US

New York Sun, 11 September 2008
U.S. Widens Iran Sanctions As Drone Is Reported In Darfur

Voice of America, 8 September 2008
Sudan Denies it Receives Iranian Military Help

Sunday Standard, Botswana, 5 August 2008
Mugabe cronies reportedly stashing US dollars into foreign accounts

Le Monde, 4 August 2008
Mike Turner quitte BAE Systems sur un bilan mitigé

Financial Times, 1 August 2008
Harare tycoon rides political upheaval

Reuters, 23 July 2008
Arabs hear alarm bells as ICC targets Sudan's Bashir

SW Radio Africa, Zimbabwe, 22 July 2008
Zanu PF chefs transferring millions outside the country

L'Express de Madagascar, 17 July 2008
Africa polls bring hope but big hurdles lie ahead

BBC World Service radio, 16 July 2008
Mike Johnson speaks to Patrick Smith about Zimbabwe's economy
 audio clip 

The Southern African, 14 July 2008
Angola's Economy Run By Presidential Daughters And Generals

Voice of America, 14 July 2008
South Africa's Mbeki To Brief AU's Ping On Zimbabwe Talks Process
Interview With Patrick Smith - Download (MP3) 
audio clip
Interview With Patrick Smith - Listen (MP3) 
audio clip

The Southern African, 14 July 2008
Where Mugabe's Government Gets Its Money

Reuters, 3 Jul 2008
Rebuff to Mugabe is watershed for African Union

Institute of War and Peace Reporting, 30 June 2008
African Union urged to act on Zimbabwe

The Daily Mail, 26 June 2008
Helping the desperate or prolonging their misery? The British firms doing business with Zimbabwe

World Socialist Website, 18 June 2008
Fighting erupts over Eritrean armed incursion into Djibouti

The Daily Telegraph, 15 June 2008
Barclays accused of giving Robert Mugabe 'financial lifeline'

The Independent, 15 June 2008
Standard Chartered at centre of Zimbabwe sanctions inquiry

The Times, 21 May 2008
James Lemkin – Obituary
James Lemkin: Political thinker of a radical Conservative hue who strove to shape UK policy towards the countries of southern Africa

BBC News, 29 April 2008
Open season on Nigeria's Obasanjo

The International Herald Tribune 15 February 2008
Bush Africa visit seen more about strategy

BBC News, 29 December 2007
Special Report - Divided they fall: the Kenyan opposition

The Sunday Herald (Scotland), 16 September 2007
Congo facing third civil war in 10 years

BBC Focus on Africa, 18 June 2007
Somalia in the eye of the storm

BBC News, 17 March 2008
How long can Cameroon's Biya rule?

BBC News, 3 January 2008
At a glance: Kenya unrest

BBC News Magazine, 29 November 2007
What can't be named Muhammad?

BBC News, 24 September 2007
Zimbabwe diaspora 'may get vote'

BBC News, 26 April 2007
Could Nigeria go Orange?

The Observer,  28 January 2007
Barclays' millions help to prop up Mugabe regime

BBC News, 2 January 2007
Africa's year of terror tactics

BBC News, 26 October 2006
Prize offered to Africa's leaders

The Observer, 10 September 2006
US accused of covert operations in Somalia

The Telegraph, 2 August 2006
Charles Janson – Obituary

Charles Janson, who died on June 15 aged 88, was a foreign correspondent who founded two influential newsletters, one on Africa, the other on the Soviet Union; a poet; translator (mainly from Russian); musician and philanthropist…

Backed by other British figures in the Capricorn Society, Janson started a newsletter entitled Africa 1960, hoping to "make people take Africa seriously". After changing its title yearly until Africa 1967, it was renamed Africa Confidential, retaining a similar format on blue paper until the present day.

The Times, 31 July 2006
Charles Janson – Obituary
Cosmopolitan journalist who helped to found the authoritative newsletters Africa Confidential and Soviet Analyst

BBC News, 25 March 2006
Death stirs debate over sullied leaders

The Independent, 14 February 2006
Obituary: Dr Beko Ransome-Kuti, Nigerian human rights campaigner

BBC Focus on Africa magazine, 2 January 2006
Fine words but corruption soars

BBC News, 29 December 2005
Africa's year of democratic reverses

BBC News, 3 August 2005
Obituary: John Garang

BBC News, 2 August 2005
Profile: Salva Kiir

BBC News, 7 July 2005
Tutsi party accepts Burundi poll

BBC News, 6 July 2005
Praise for peaceful Burundi poll

BBC News, 11 March 2005
Africa Commission report: Analysis

BBC News, 5 March 2005
West challenged on Africa issues

BBC News, 11 February 2005
Togo: Africa's democratic test case

BBC News, 13 January 2005
Sudan peace paves way for oil deals

BBC Radio Four, File on 4, 30 November 2004
Taxpayers' cash 'funding corrupt deals'

BBC News Online Magazine, 6 October 2004 
Taking Africa in hand

BBC News, 27 August 2004
'Mercenary leader' found guilty

BBC News, 27 August 2004
Mercenary Guilty: Simon Mann convicted in Zimbabwe
Video interview with Patrick Smith about Simon Mann's conviction in Zimbabwe

BBC Focus on Africa, 21 April 2004
Africans crazy for democracy

BBC News, 11 March 2004
Equatorial Guinea: Ripe for a coup

BBC News, 25 February 2002
Oil and diamonds after Savimbi

BBC News, 23 February 2003
Mugabe cronies 'get farms'

BBC News, 23 February 2002
Patrick Smith on the killing of Jonas Savimbi
 audio clip

BBC News, 19 December 2001
Patrick Smith discusses corruption in Tanzania
 audio clip

BBC News, 19 December 2001
Tanzania row escalates

BBC News, 26 September 2001
Congo pays the price for war

BBC News, 5 July 2001
Gill Lusk, Deputy Editor, Africa Confidential, discusses the Libyan/Egyptian initiative for Sudan
 audio clip

BBC News, 5 July 2001
Rebels welcome Sudan peace plan

BBC News, 15 February 2001
Democratic Republic of Congo war

Video interview with Patrick Smith as African leaders gather in Lusaka for a summit to try and end the conflict in the DRC

The Telegraph, 24 August 2000
Lord Vernon – Obituary
John Vernon went to Eton and Magdalen, Oxford. During the Second World War, he served in the Scots Guards. He was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn in 1949, but then joined MI5. He was a staff officer from 1950 to 1953 before being seconded to the Cabinet Office. He was later attached to the Colonial Office in Kenya.

There he became a proponent of decolonisation, and in 1960 co-founded Africa Confidential, an authoritative newsletter. He also co-founded Soviet Analyst, an invaluable source on events behind the Iron Curtain.

BBC News, 29 May 2000
Patrick Smith talks about finding a political solution in Sierra Leone
 audio clip

BBC News, 26 May 2000
Company 'to list for Congo mining'

BBC News, 23 November 1999
Moi confronts corruption critics

BBC News, 23 November 1999
Kenyan leader denies foreign cash claims

BBC News, 9 July 1998
Patrick Smith on the death of Chief Abiola
 audio clip

BBC News, 4 January 1998
Special Report - President Moi: an enduring face of Africa