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Local officials and Western companies argue about new regulations on conflict minerals which they say could worsen economic hardship

Unemployment among artisanal miners is rising as nervous electronics manufacturers, such as Apple and Intel, source fewer imports from them. Many companies are acting on a precautionary basis as guidelines on ‘conflict minerals’ from the United States Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) come into force (AC Vol 52 No 10, Ethical smelting). Yet while mining houses and non-governmental organisations generally agree on the goal of preventing bloodthirsty militias profiting from mineral exports, some are trading insults and questioning each other’s motives.

(This article contains approximately 1125 words)

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United States, Rwanda, Bosco Ntaganda, Terminator, Australia, Brazil, China, Russia, Canada, Mozambique, Belgian, Raf Custers, Chris Grove, Ethical alternatives, Ron MacDonald, Aloys Tegera, Joseph Kabila, Jean-Paul Higiro, Burundi, Jean Habonimana, Forces démocratiques de libération du, Conseil national pour la défense des peuples, Africa Confidential, Association des mineurs du Rwanda