General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (IBB)
Former President of Nigeria (1985-1993)
Date of Birth: 17/08/1941
Place of Birth: Minna, Niger State
Married to Maryam King, with four children.
Education: Government College Bida, 1957-62; Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna, 1962-63; Indian Military Academy, 1964; Royal Armoured Centre, United Kingdom, 1966, 1967; Advanced Armoured Officers’ Course, Army Armoured School, United States, 1972-73; Command and Staff College, Jaji, 1977; Nigerian Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, 1979; Senior International Defence Management Course, Naval Postgraduate School, USA, 1980.
Career: Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Nigerian Army, 1963; appointed Commanding Officer, 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, 1964-66; promoted to Captain, August 1968, and Major, April 1970; Instructor and Company Commander, Nigerian Defence Academy, 1970-72; appointed Commander, Reconnaissance Regiment and promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel, 1974; Inspector and later Commander, Nigerian Army Armoured Corps, 1975; promoted to Brigadier, 1979; appointed Director, Army Staff Duties and Plans, 1981-83; promoted to Major-General, March 1983; appointed Chief of Army Staff, 31 December, 1983; member, Supreme Military Council, August 1975-October 1979 and December 1983-August 1985; became Head of State, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, 27 August 1985; President of Nigeria, 1985-93.
Commentary: Nicknamed 'Maradona' for his political survival skills, General Babangida took power from Muhammadu Buhari in a palace coup in August 1985. He was
Head of State until August 1993, when he annulled the June election after Yoruba candidate Moshood K.O. Abiola had
Babangida came to power promising to end corruption and human rights abuses,
but his regime stands accused of some of the worst abuses in Nigeria's history. A report by economist Pius Okigbo
on how the Babangida regime spent windfall profits after the first Gulf
War would have shed more light but was never published.
multi-millionaire, Babangida has
an extensive network of wealthy Nigerians loyal to him, some
rumoured to be fronts for his corporate interests. He was a runner in the PDP's presidential primaries but withdrew in January 2011.
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Opposition supporters looking for symbolism note that key PDP patriarchs – including former President Obasanjo and the ailing former military ruler Ibrahim Babangida – were notable by their absence from Jonathan's Eagle Square declaration...
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There is much interest in the plans of Senate President David Mark, a veteran ally of General Ibrahim Babangida, whose coup-making days go back to the 1970s and 1980s...
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Obasanjo informs Jonathan that he has discussed his concern about current developments with his fellow retired generals Ibrahim Babangida and Abdulsalami Abubakar (both former heads of state) and Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma...
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Ibrahim Babangida, remains a powerful political force in Niger State and seems to have restrained the Governor...
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Aside from encouraging Israeli agribusinesses to invest, the former military leader General Ibrahim Babangida hired Israeli security experts to ward off putschists: some of his top security officials worked closely with the Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations (better known as Mossad) and the Israel Defence Forces...
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Since the 31 August split, the rival factions of the PDP divided their time between lengthy internal meetings and trying to enlist the backing of party elders such as former President Olusegun Obasanjo and former military leader General Ibrahim Babangida...
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Many leaders – even retired military officers such as Ibrahim Babangida and Aliyu Mohammed Gusau – who have crossed Buhari, worry that they would still remain targets...
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Companies such as United Bank for Africa and Zenith Bank have made political friends in Accra as have telecommunications companies such as Glo, owned by Michael Adenuga, a close business associate of ex-President Ibrahim Babangida...
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Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, whose influence in government increases as the northern crisis worsens...
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The shortcomings of President Goodluck Jonathan’s government have been pointed out by northern grandees, such as Generals Muhammadu Buhari, Ibrahim Babangida and Aliyu Mohammed Gusau, and civilian politicians such as Atiku Abubakar...