Omer Hassan Ahmed el Beshir
President (since 1989)
Date of Birth: 01/01/1944
Place of Birth: Hoshe Bannaga
Married to Fatima Khalid and, second wife, Widad Babiker Omer. No children
Education: Graduated as an officer from the Sudan Military College, Khartoum, 1966.
Career: Joined the Sudanese Armed Forces, 1960; Military attaché, UAE, 1975-79; Garrison Commander, Khartoum, 1979-81; Commander of the armoured parachute brigade, Khartoum, 1981-87; Commander of the 8th Brigade, 1988; Minister of Defence, 1989-93; President of Sudan, 1993 to date.
Commentary: In 1989 led a military coup, overthrowing Prime Minister Sadiq al-Madhi in June 1989. He went on to pass the Criminal Act, introducing Sharia in all provinces except the South in 1991. He was indicted by the ICC on five counts of crimes against humanity and two counts of war crimes in March 2009.
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It did not respond to the International Criminal Court's pleas to arrest Omer el Beshir during his visit but, on 4 November, it took the unusual step of contradicting, albeit indirectly, NCP claims that it had given massive funding to Khartoum...
In the 1990s, he was one of the 'gatekeepers' who at that time kept President Omer el Beshir in line...
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AFRICA | UNITED STATES
Washington made it clear that Mugabe would not be invited and nor would Sudan's Omer el Beshir or Eritrea's Issayas Aferworki...
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SUDAN | ISRAEL
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Deniable JihadistsEl Intibaha newspaper, then owned and edited by Omer el Beshir's uncle El Tayeb Mustafa, also an Islamist, wrote in 2012 that the group managed 'to smuggle weapons and explosives and modern communications devices under the guise of humanitarian aid convoys...
When Omer el Beshir and Hassan el Turabi seized power in 1989, few believed Islamists could stay in power...
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1999: NIF divides into National Congress Party (NCP, majority headed by Omer el Beshir) and El Turabi's Popular Congress Party...
March 2009: International Criminal Court (ICC) issues arrest warrant for Omer el Beshir for crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur...
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EGYPT | SUDAN
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EUROPEAN UNION | AFRICA