Mwai Emilio Stanley Kibaki
President (since 2002); leader of the National Alliance Rainbow Coalition; Chair, Democratic Party
Date of Birth: 15/11/1931
Place of Birth: Gatuyaini village, Othaya, Nyeri district, Central Province
Commentary: A veteran of Kenyan politics, first becoming a member of parliament in 1963, Mwai Kibaki was originally a stalwart of the Kenya African National Union (KANU). He served under President Jomo Kenyatta as Finance Minister and when Daniel arap Moi took over after Kenyatta's death in 1978, he rose to the position of Vice-President. He continued to manage the finance portfolio until he exchanged it for a role in the Ministry of Home Affairs and National Heritage.
A dispute with Moi resulted in his demotion from the Vice-Presidency in 1988 and consequent transfer to the Ministry of Health. This fall from favour was followed in 1991, by the repeal of Section 2A of the Kenyan constitution at Kasarani. Kibaki seized this opportunity for the recognition of opposing political parties and left KANU to form the Democratic Party (DP) on the 25 December 1991. On the DP ticket Kibaki ran for President in two succesive elections in 1992 and 1997, but only managed to come third and then second.
It was not until 2002 that Kibaki's presidential desires were realised. On this occasion he prepared for the election by merging the DP with 13 smaller parties, creating the National Alliance Party of Kenya (NAK), which in turn conjoined with the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) to form an umbrella coalition party, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC). Kibaki won a landslide victory and was sworn in on 30 December 2002, claiming the presidency at his third attempt.
Kibaki's first term was marred by the heated consitutional debates that raged over presidential powers. When a referendum in November 2005 rejected a draft constitution, supported by Kibaki, he took the dramatic step of dismissing his entire cabinet along with all the deputy ministers that he could constitutionally remove and replacing them with his supporters.
The issue of presidential power returned to haunt Kibaki in the controversial 2007 elections. His presidential ticket was endorsed by a new alliance called the Party of National Unity (PNU) which was made up of a number of parties, including KANU, the DP and NARC Kenya. The Electoral Commission declared Kibaki the victor on 30 December 2007, however, Raila Odinga, Kibaki's closest rival, refused to accept this result, raising allegations of fraud that were supported to a strong degree by popular opinion. Riots followed Kibaki's re-election. Unrest continued until a power sharing deal was reached that gave Odinga the newly created post of Prime Minister.
After the March 2013 elections, Kibaki handed over the presidency to his successor, Uhuru Kenyatta, on 9 April 2013, and his term in office came to an end.
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Devolution is making the public wage bill balloon and former President Mwai Kibaki’s tax-and-spend policies are still feeding through the economy...
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KENYA | UNITED STATES
Western diplomats in general and aid agencies are being frozen out of processes to which they enjoyed access and influence under President Mwai Kibaki...
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Criticism first arose when it was revealed that the government of ex-President Mwai Kibaki had acceded to CRBC’s request to conduct its own feasibility study...
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Ruto’s defence team claims that the Deputy President was ‘fixed’ by Kikuyu technocrats during ex-President Mwai Kibaki’s time who coached witnesses while collecting evidence of Ruto’s involvement in the post-election violence in the Rift Valley...
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A predominantly civilian National Police Service Commission was established but the failure of the ruling political rivals, President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga, to agree who would head it left the NPSC rudderless until just before this year's elections...
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‘Nairobitech’ blogged on 30 July that in June and July the ICC had gone to Kenya and obtained call logs from Safaricom and Airtel for ten mostly pro-Mwai Kibaki individuals, including Kenyatta himself, who seems to have had both Safaricom and Airtel numbers...
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Yet his failure to remove former President Mwai Kibaki’s illegally appointed county commissioners suggests to critics that that commitment will be a matter for interpretation and negotiation...
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This is worrying because it was ODM’s distrust of ‘Kibaki’s courts’ in 2007-08 that led to Odinga’s call for mass protests, and the ensuing confrontation between ODM supporters, state agencies and militias loyal to President Mwai Kibaki’s Party of National Unity...
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Turnout on election day in the region has averaged around 65%, with the exception of 2007, when a suspiciously high 82% wind-assisted President Mwai Kibaki’s victory...
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For weeks, diplomats in Kenya have fretted about the brewing discord between President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of Somalia and Mwai Kibaki of Kenya...