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Vol 49 No 11

Published 23rd May 2008


Sudan

Who is JEM?

The Justice and Equality (initially Justice and Equity) Movement was founded in late 2002, after government-backed militias intensified their attacks in Darfur; it became operational by late 2003. It presents itself as secular, with agendas for both Darfur and the country. Its critics think it is Islamist. Most of its followers are Zaghawa, a people who straddle the frontier with Chad, whose government backs the JEM.

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