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Published 1st February 2013

Vol 54 No 3


Development vies with conflict resolution in Addis

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. Credit: Petterik Wiggers / Panos

Image courtesy of Panos Pictures

Pushing a more vigorous development agenda and efficient administration, Dlamini-Zuma has won plaudits since taking over as AU chief

The birthday party didn’t go according to plan. It was billed as a summit to celebrate 50 years of the African Union and its predecessor, the Organisation of African Unity, and to promote an African Renaissance and Pan-Africanism. Then reality intervened in the form of a long list of conflicts in Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Guinea Bissau, Madagascar, Mali and Sudan.


The end of the beginning

Bamako and its allies may only be able to defeat the jihadists in the long run if they make concessions to the people of the north

The political questions facing Mali are more formidable than the diplomatic and logistical challenges facing France when it intervened on 11 January. After jihadists fled from Gao ...



BLUE LINES
THE INSIDE VIEW

Rare is the military intervention, especially one launched by a former colonial power, that wins unanimous support in the United Nations Security Council and nearly total backing from the 54 member states of the African Union.

The AU’s fundraising conference on 29 January raised some US$455 million for African troops to join their French counterparts in Mali.

Rare is the military intervention, especially one launched by a former colonial power, that wins unanimous support in the United Nations Security Council and nearly total backing from the 54 member states of the African Union.

The AU’s fundraising conference on 29 January raised some US$455 million for African troops to join their French counterparts in Mali. Japan pledged $120 mn., showing renewed seriousness on Africa. China’s special representative for African affairs, Zhong Jianhua, offered just $1 mn. but said Beijing would add $3-5 mn. Despite their misgivings, two researchers at China’s Naval Research Institute, Li Jian and Jin Jing, said Beijing should contribute to a peacekeeping force. A leading Chinese scholar of Africa, He Wenping, warned that, as in Libya, the force in Mali could misuse its UN mandate.

Also promising $1 mn. were Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, India and Switzerland. Bahrain pledged $10 mn. but those states where the Arab Spring brought in Muslim Brotherhood governments were more sceptical. Mounting liberal opposition at home prevented Egypt’s President Mohamed Mursi from attending the summit; he called France’s intervention unnecessary. His ally Iran also objected: Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi asked rhetorically why Western powers were fighting the sort of gangsters and terrorists in Mali that they were supporting in the opposition forces attacking Bashar al Asaad’s regime in Syria. Politics triumphs again.

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