Like its neighbours Tanzania and Uganda, Kenya has found that hydrocarbon discoveries require complicated legal and institutional reforms to manage the resource and deal with investors. The incentives for political malpractice are already high at the centre but now, thanks to the 2010 constitution, decision-makers at the regional level want to get involved as well.
Few believe that President Michael Sata would miss such a prestigious event as tomorrow's 50th anniversary of Zambia's Independence. And yet a State House statement said he had left the country on 20 October for a 'medical check-up'. Having made no public appearances since he returned from the United States in September, the fact he has gone abroad at such short notice has been widely taken as a sign that his condition is terminal. A political source in Lusaka said he had gone to London. The Defence Minister and the governing Patriotic Front Secretary General Edgar Lungu was left to run Zambia in his absence.
Lethal attacks by jihadists on United Nations' forces and armed clashes among Tuareg factions take place against a background of another round of sluggish peace talks in Algiers. No compromise is yet in sight that might satisfy both the government and the three main Tuareg nationalist organisations, let alone other armed groups. Meanwhile, ten UN peacekeepers – nine Nigeriens and one Senegalese – from the UN's Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations unies pour la stabilisation au Mali, died in recent Islamist attacks in the north.
President Yoweri Museveni aims to limit possible leadership challenges from within the governing National Resistance Movement through wide-ranging changes to the party’s constitution. Currently, the main objective is to unseat Amama Mbabazi – the former Prime Minister sacked by Museveni on 18 September – from his position as NRM Secretary General and so quash his hopes of standing for President for the party. And, during the weekend of 18-19 October, Museveni scored a decisive victory over his erstwhile ally.