Jump to navigation


Trial of opposition activists will test President Hassan's reform credentials

Opposition leader Mbowe and allies are due in court in mid-August to answer charges of 'terrorist activity'

The trial of Freeman Mbowe, the chairman of opposition party Chadema, will be a key test of whether President Samia Suluhu Hassan's regime is dropping the authoritarianism of her late predecessor John Magufuli, and showing more respect for human rights.

Mbowe, along with several party officials, was arrested last month before a planned meeting to demand constitutional reform. He is facing terrorism-related charges which state prosecutors say are unrelated to his organisation's demands for constitutional change (AC Vol 62 No 15, Clearing up after the bulldozer).

The precise nature of the terror charges, however, has not been detailed. The hearing, now set for 13 August, has been delayed several times, while Mbowe remains in custody.

After a telephone call with United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken last month, a joint statement issued with President Hassan spoke of improving the business environment, political freedoms, and Covid-19.

Blinken's Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs, Victoria Nuland, told reporters last week that the US had 'expressed our concern about the treatment and imprisonment of the opposition leader Mbowe.' Nuland met opposition leaders during a visit to several east African countries last week. British and Canadian diplomats have signalled that they are monitoring the case. They issued near identical statements to the US demanding transparency and the respect of due process in Mbowe's case.

Amnesty International, meanwhile, has called on the government to 'promptly provide evidence to substantiate the charges against Mbowe, or else release him'.

Magufuli's response to international criticism of human rights and repression of political freedom in Tanzania was to criticise or expel diplomats, with the European Union suspending aid as a result (AC Vol 60 No 3, From bullet to ballot).

Aside from its re-engagement with international bodies such as the World Health Organization, Hassan's government has made no attempt to prevent foreign officials from meeting opposition and civil society leaders. Activists and diplomats are likely to see Mbowe's trial as a measure of the strength of Magufuli-era securocrats in the new order.

Related Articles

From bullet to ballot

Nearly 18 months after suspected government gunmen poured 40 bullets into Tundu Lissu, MP, outside the National Assembly in Dodoma, the most persistent thorn in the side of Preside...

Kolimba and critics

A hero's funeral was accorded to Horace Kolimba. Yet when he died on 13 March, he was central to a fierce row in the traditionally united ruling Chama cha Mapinduzi. Controversy br...

CCM circles the wagons

The governing party worries about the next elections and some old hands, once out in the cold, are back on the scene

Once shunned for their association with notorious corruption episodes, two of Chama Cha Mapinduzi’s wealthiest grandees are making their way back into the political spotlight. One ...

Challenging the CCM

The rise of the opposition Chadema party will not threaten the CCM’s majority but it will make the election battles fiercer

The majority of the governing party, Chama cha Mapinduzi, is unlikely to be overturned at the 31 October election. There are nevertheless widespread expectations of good results fo...