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Vol 51 No 14

Published 9th July 2010


Kenya

Criminal business is big business

Mungiki started as a Kikuyu quasi-revivalist religious cult in the Rift Valley’s Laikipia District in the late 1980s. Many Mungiki members lost their land in the 1990s when President Daniel arap Moi’s government presided over state-orchestrated electoral violence there. Munigiki migrated to Nairobi’s slums, where they provided services and protection, developing an extortion racket that still controls the matatu transport routes in the towns and the countryside, particularly in Central Province.

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