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Published 25th January 2002

Vol 43 No 2


South Africa

Crossing the Limpopo

Zimbabwe threatens the grand African plans of Presidents Mbeki and Obasanjo

From the splendour of Pretoria's Union Buildings, President Thabo Mbeki's vision of a resurgent Africa is obscured by the sprawling crisis in Zimbabwe. Almost everything Mbeki wants to do in foreign policy ­ win more foreign capital, get South African companies to invest in mineral-rich Congo-Kinshasa and Angola and launch a continent-wide development programme ­ is threatened by Zimbabwe. It is the tail wagging the dog. South Africa's economy is 20 times the size of Zimbabwe's but it cannot support hordes of refugees heading south across the Limpopo River or bear the collateral damage done to its currency and credit ratings. The Limpopo is crocodile-infested but for many foreign bankers, the border is a technicality; President Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe might as well be a troublesome northern province of South Africa. The United States Chamber of Commerce estimated that by mid-2001, South Africa has lost US$3 billion of potential investment because of the Zimbabwe crisis. That's apart from the damage to its private and state sector suppliers, such as Eskom (electricity) and Sasol (fuel), to which Zimbabwe owes hundreds of millions of dollars. Zimbabwe will also be ­ in the eyes of the USA and Europe ­ a critical test of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad), an Africa-wide development plan which needs Western financial support (AC Vol 42 No 14). Central to Nepad is the idea of peer pressure: that African states can be encouraged to liberalise their politics and reform their economies by other African states, rather than by overbearing Western-based institutions imposing micro-conditions on loans and aid.


Managing foreign affairs

In 2000 South Africa's ministries were grouped in 'clusters', to rationalise policy-making and eliminate contradictions. The Department of Foreign Affairs is grouped with the Depar...


The generation game

President Moi gives the grey politicians another chance in the succession race

Inscrutable as the Sphinx, President Daniel arap Moi confers favour on one faction, then withdraws it the next day. Even his most vehement opponents salute his political cunning. A...


Russian roulette

Unexplained debts and secret accounts alarm the IMF and deter investors

Before the International Monetary Fund lends money, it needs to know about the recipient's other debts. Angola's government has borrowed huge sums which are not audited or included...


Under the volcano

Even the latest catastrophe in Goma isn't pushing the combatants into negotiations

The mile-wide river of lava spewing from Mount Nyiragonga last week devastated the rebel capital of Goma but hasn't changed the combatants' entrenched positions in the war. Preside...


Bear markets

The rich world's recession hits Africa's prospects but reform goes slowly on

For many Africans, the new year confirms the most pessimistic forecasts of economic gloom. Nigerians face a 50 per cent increase in fuel prices, South Africans must cope with a cur...



Pointers

L'arbitraire

In a watershed vote on 15 January, the French parliament declared 19 March a day of commemoration of the victims of the Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian independence struggles. Pres...


In a word

The ceasefire for the Nuba Mountains which the National Islamic Front government signed with the Sudan People's Liberation Army in Bürgenstock, Switzerland, on 19 January, wen...